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Vestibular epithelia of the inner ear detect head motions over a wide range of amplitudes and frequencies. In mammals, afferent nerve fibers from central and peripheral zones of vestibular epithelia form distinct populations with different response dynamics and spike timing. Central-zone afferents are large, fast conduits for phasic signals encoded in(More)
Afferent nerve fibers in the central zones of vestibular epithelia form calyceal endings around type I hair cells and have phasic response properties that emphasize fast head motions. We investigated how stages from hair-cell transduction to calyceal spiking contribute tuning and timing to central (striolar)-zone afferents of the rat saccular epithelium. In(More)
HYPOTHESIS A superior semicircular canal dehiscence affects hearing by introducing a third window into the inner ear that 1) lowers cochlear input impedance, 2) shunts air-conducted sound away from the cochlea resulting in conductive hearing loss, and 3) improves bone-conduction thresholds by increasing the difference in impedance between the vestibule and(More)
A superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD) is a break or hole in the bony wall of the superior semicircular canal. Patients with SCD syndrome present with a variety of symptoms: some with vestibular symptoms, others with auditory symptoms (including low-frequency conductive hearing loss) and yet others with both. We are interested in whether or not(More)
Despite the common use of the chinchilla as an animal model in auditory research, a complete characterization of the chinchilla middle ear using transmission matrix analysis has not been performed. In this paper we describe measurements of middle-ear input admittance and stapes velocity in ears with the middle-ear cavity opened under three conditions:(More)
Superior canal dehiscence (SCD) is a pathological condition of the ear that can cause a conductive hearing loss. The effect of SCD (a hole in the bony wall of the superior semicircular canal) on chinchilla middle- and inner-ear mechanics is analyzed with a circuit model of the dehiscence. The model is used to predict the effect of dehiscence on auditory(More)
Ischemia is a condition of decreased tissue viability caused by a lack of perfusion which prevents the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to biological tissue. Ischemia plays a major role in many clinical disorders, yet there are limited means by which tissue viability can be assessed. The long-term objective of this research is to develop a non-invasive or(More)
An SCD is a pathologic hole (or dehiscence) in the bone separating the superior semicircular canal from the cranial cavity that has been associated with a conductive hearing loss in patients with SCD syndrome. The conductive loss is defined by an audiometrically determined air-bone gap that results from the combination of a decrease in sensitivity to(More)
The recent discovery of superior semicircular canal (SC) dehiscence syndrome as a clinical entity affecting both the auditory and vestibular systems has led to the investigation of the impact of a SC opening on the mechanics of hearing. It is hypothesized that the hole in the SC acts as a "third window" in the inner ear which shunts sound-induced stapes(More)
We describe measurements of middle-ear input admittance in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera) before and after various manipulations that define the contributions of different middle-ear components to function. The chinchilla's middle-ear air spaces have a large effect on the low-frequency compliance of the middle ear, and removing the influences of these(More)
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