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Aging may be determined by a genetic program and/or by the accumulation rate of molecular damages. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by the mitochondrial metabolism have been postulated to be the central source of molecular damages and imbalance between levels of intracellular ROS and antioxidant defenses is a characteristic of the aging brain. How(More)
In vertebrates, a limited number of homeobox-containing transcription factors are expressed in the optic vesicle primordium and are required and sufficient for eye formation. At present, little is known about the distinct functions of these factors in optic vesicle growth and on the nature of the main neuroepithelial (NE) progenitor population present in(More)
Aging increases the risk to develop several neurodegenerative diseases, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Inactivation of the Polycomb group gene Bmi1 in mice results in growth retardation, cerebellar degeneration, and development of a premature aging-like phenotype. This progeroid phenotype is characterized by formation of lens(More)
The cellular microRNA (miRNA) pathway has emerged as an important regulator of host‐virus interactions. While miRNAs of viral and cellular origin have been demonstrated to modulate viral gene expression and host immune responses, reports detailing these activities in the context of mammalian retroviruses have been controversial. Using modern,(More)
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