Jocelyn David

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Macrophages are pivotal effector cells of the innate immune system, which is vital for recognizing and eliminating invasive microbial pathogens. When microbial products bind to pathogen-recognition receptors, macrophages become activated and release a broad array of cytokines that orchestrate the host innate and adaptive immune responses. Initially(More)
Selective agonists for D1-like and D2-like dopamine receptors can interact synergistically to enhance each other's actions on locomotion and behavior in experimental animals. Clinically, the combination of the D2 agonist bromocriptine with L-dopa (which has pronounced D1 effects) is a highly effective treatment for Parkinson's disease. The mechanisms(More)
We have studied allozyme variation at 26 gene loci in nine populations of Drosophila melanogaster originating on five different continents. The distant populations show significant genetic differentiation. However, only half of the loci studied have contributed to this differentiation; the other half show identical patterns in all populations. The genetic(More)
Aging may be determined by a genetic program and/or by the accumulation rate of molecular damages. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by the mitochondrial metabolism have been postulated to be the central source of molecular damages and imbalance between levels of intracellular ROS and antioxidant defenses is a characteristic of the aging brain. How(More)
Chromosome pairing at meiosis is an essential feature in cell biology, which determines trait inheritance and species evolution. Complex polyploids may display diverse pairing affinities and offer favorable situations for studying meiosis. The genus Saccharum encompasses diverse forms of polyploids with predominantly bivalent pairing. We have focused on a(More)
In vertebrates, a limited number of homeobox-containing transcription factors are expressed in the optic vesicle primordium and are required and sufficient for eye formation. At present, little is known about the distinct functions of these factors in optic vesicle growth and on the nature of the main neuroepithelial (NE) progenitor population present in(More)
In spite of the critical role of the process of adaptation in evolution, there are few detailed studies of the genotypic and molecular basis of the process. Drosophila melanogaster flies selected for increased tolerance to ethanol exhibited higher levels of alcohol dehydrogenase (alcohol:NAD+ oxidoreductase; EC 1.1.1.1) activity than unselected controls. A(More)
The main biochemical determinants involved in cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) metabolism were studied in one lymphoblastic (Reh) and two myeloid (HL60 and K562) human leukemic cell lines exhibiting various sensitivities to Ara-C, Reh being the most and HL60 the least sensitive. The level of intracellular Ara-C accumulation and Ara-CTP formation was far more(More)
Spreading depression induces tolerance to ischemic injury, and ischemic tolerance has been associated with expression of heat shock proteins (Hsp). Here we examine Hsp27 expression after KCl-induced spreading depression. Twenty-minute cortical KCl application induced Hsp27 immunoreactivity in glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive astrocytes of the(More)