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Finding the means to efficiently summarize electroencephalographic data has been a long-standing problem in electrophysiology. A popular approach is identification of component modes on the basis of the time-varying spectrum of multichannel EEG recordings--in other words, a space/frequency/time atomic decomposition of the time-varying EEG spectrum. Previous(More)
In this paper, a new procedure is presented which allows the estimation of the states and parameters of the hemodynamic approach from blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) responses. The proposed method constitutes an alternative to the recently proposed Friston [Neuroimage 16 (2002) 513] method and has some advantages over it. The procedure is based on(More)
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the correlations of the volumes of the gray matter and white matter with age, and the correlations of the tissue probabilities of the gray matter and white matter with age and several cerebrovascular risk factors. We obtained magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain and clinical information from 769 normal(More)
Several lines of evidence have suggested that visual self-recognition is supported by a special brain mechanism; however, its functional anatomy is of great controversy. We performed an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to identify brain regions selectively involved in recognition of one's own face. We presented pictures of(More)
Personally familiar people are likely to be represented more richly in episodic, emotional, and behavioral contexts than famous people, who are usually represented predominantly in semantic context. To reveal cortical mechanisms supporting this differential person representation, we compared cortical activation during name recognition tasks between(More)
One of the important roles of the prefrontal cortex is inhibition of movement. We applied an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique to observe changes in fMRI signals of the entire brain during a GO/NO-GO task to identify the functional fields activated in relation to the NO-GO decision. Eleven normal subjects participated in(More)
An event-related fMRI technique was used to assess neural responses to financial reward and penalty during a simple gambling task. We attempted to determine whether brain activities are dependent on the unique context of an event sequence. Thirty-six healthy volunteers participated in the study. The task was to guess the color of the suit of a card on each(More)
Person recognition has been assumed to entail many types of person-specific cognitive responses, including retrieval of knowledge, episodic recollection, and emotional responses. To demonstrate the cortical correlates of this modular structure of multimodal person representation, we investigated neural responses preferential to personally familiar people(More)
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate whether activation in Broca's area is greater during the processing of passive versus active sentences in the brains of healthy subjects. Twenty Japanese native speakers performed a visual sentence comprehension task in which they were asked to read a visually presented sentence and to(More)
Human memory systems contain self-monitoring mechanisms for evaluating their progress. People can change their learning strategy on the basis of confidence in their performance at that time. However, it has not been fully understood how the brain is engaged in reliable rating of confidence in past recognition memory performance. We measured the brain(More)