Jobst Sievers

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Brain inflammation plays a central role in multiple sclerosis (MS). Dimethylfumarate (DMF), the main ingredient of an oral formulation of fumaric acid esters with proven therapeutic efficacy in psoriasis, has recently been found to ameliorate the course of relapsing-remitting MS. Glial cells are the effector cells of neuroinflammation; however, little is(More)
Animal models of tremor have been widely used in experimental neurology, because they are an indispensable requirement for understanding the pathophysiology of human tremor disorders and the development of new therapeutic agents. This review focuses on three approaches to produce tremor in animals (application of tremorgenic drugs, experimental central(More)
Agents suppressing microglial activation are attracting attention as candidate drugs for neuroprotection in Parkinson s disease (PD): While different mechanisms including environmental toxins and genetic factors initiate neuronal damage in the substantia nigra and striatum in PD, there is unequivocal evidence that activation of neuroinflammatory cells(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been traditionally linked to blood pressure and volume regulation mediated through the angiotensin II (ANG II) type 1 (AT1) receptor. Here we report that ANG II via its ANG II type 2 (AT2) receptor promotes the axonal elongation of postnatal rat retinal explants (postnatal day 11) and dorsal root ganglia neurons in(More)
We have investigated the factors controlling both the morphological transformation of glial processes into endfeet and the deposition of extracellular matrix molecules into the overlying basement membrane by destroying meningeal cells over the hamster cerebellum by 6-hydroxydopamine administration on the day of birth. We report that within 24 h of(More)
Increased binding of a ligand for the peripheral benzodiazepine binding receptor is currently used in PET studies as an in vivo measurement of inflammation in diseases like multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer's disease. Although peripheral-type benzodiazepin receptors (PBRs) are abundant in many cell types and expressed in the CNS physiologically only at low(More)
the development of the visual system of the albino rat is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly. Our book servers saves in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Merely said, the the development of the visual system of(More)
The cerebellar external granular layer (EGL) is an unusually long-lasting neural proliferative zone positioned immediately beneath the pial surface. Its position and stability critically depend on meningeal cells, as their selective destruction leads to its rapid dispersal, creating massive cortical ectopia. Similar ectopias have recently been described as(More)
We have studied axon regeneration through the optic chiasm of adult rats 30 days after prechiasmatic intracranial optic nerve crush and serial intravitreal sciatic nerve grafting on day 0 and 14 post-lesion. The experiments comprised three groups of treated rats and three groups of controls. All treated animals received intravitreal grafts either into the(More)
It has been suggested that microglial inflammation augments the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, endogenous factors initiating microglial activation are largely unknown. We therefore investigated the effects of human neuromelanin (NM) on the release of neurotoxic mediators and the underlying signaling pathways from rat microglia in vitro.(More)