Jobst-Heinrich Klemme

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The assimilatory nitrate reductase of the phototrophic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas capsulata strain AD2 was purified to homogeneity by a combination of ammonium sulfate fractionation, chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and isoelectric focusing (isoelectric point of 4.8). The purified enzyme was active only with reduced viologen dyes or reduced flavin as(More)
Soluble inorganic pyrophosphatases of five species of nonsulfur purple bacteria were investigated in respect to reaction kinetics, regulatory behavior, and other characteristics. The enzymes appear to fall into two groups with correlated properties. The pyrophosphatases of Rhodopseudomonas capsulata and R. spheroides have molecular weights of approximately(More)
30 strains of xylanolytic thermophilic actinomycetes were isolated from composted grass and cattle manure and identified as members of the generaThermomonospora, Saccharomonospora, Microbispora, Streptomyces andActinomadura. Screening of these strains for extracellular xylanase indicated that strains ofSaccharomonospora andMicrobispora generally were poor(More)
Transposon Tn5 mutagenesis was used to isolate mutants of Rhodospirillum rubrum which lack uptake hydrogenase (Hup) activity. Three Tn5 insertions mapped at different positions within the same 13-kb EcoRI fragment (fragment E1). Hybridization experiments revealed homology to the structural hydrogenase genes hupSLM from Rhodobacter capsulatus and hupSL from(More)
The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex from the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum was associated with the membrane fraction both in heterotrophically and photosynthetically grown cells. The complex was separated from the membranes and partially purified by precipitation with MgSO4 and gelfiltration through Sepharose 4B. The purified complex had a(More)
In Rhodospirillum rubrum, inorganic pyrophosphatase activity is observed in both the cytoplasmic and membrane fractions. The soluble enzyme accounts for about 80% of the total activity in crude extracts, and is the subject of this report. Zn(2+) is required for both activity and stability of the enzyme, which has a molecular weight of approximately 90,000(More)
The assimilatory nitrate reductase was purified 60-fold from a newly isolated, nitrate assmilating strain of the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas capsulata. The enzyme had a molecular weight of about 180 000 dalton and was typically prokaryotic in that it was not active with reduced pyridine nucleotides but rather with reduced flavins.
Two endoxylanases were isolated from the xylanolytic enzyme system of the thermophilic actinomycete Microtetraspora flexuosa SIIX, and purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-Sepharose chromatography, gel filtration on Sephacryl S 200 and fast protein liquid chromatography on Q-Sepharose. The molecular masses of xylanase I and II were 26.3 and 16.8(More)
The effect of trace elements (Fe, Ni) and chelating compounds on the activity of hydrogen (H2) uptake (Hup) hydrogenase, nitrogenase and rate and yield of H2 photoproduction from l-lactate in photosynthetic cultures of Rhodospirillum rubrum was investigated. Hup activity depended on the availability of Ni2+ and was inhibited by EDTA (0.3–0.5 mm(More)