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The aim was to determine the association between loss of muscle mass, loss of muscle strength, and physical ability in individuals with ID. Upper and lower extremity strength, muscle mass and muscle quality (MQ) were calculated. Physical ability was measured according to the Katz activities of daily living (ADL), stair climb test, and sit-to-stand test. We(More)
The human brain is probably the most complicated single structure in the biological universe. The cerebral cortex that is traditionally connected with consciousness is extremely complex. The brain contains approximately 1,000,000 km of nerve fibers, indicating its enormous complexity and which makes it difficult for scientists to reveal the function of the(More)
Leo Kanner described autism in 1943, and Hans Asperger described the syndrome in 1944. The term Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) was first used in the 1980s to describe a class of disorders that include (1) Autistic disorder, (2) Rett disorder or syndrome, (3) Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, (4) Asperger's disorder or syndrome, and (5) Pervasive(More)
Persons with intellectual disability (ID) have more mental health problems than the general population and utilize psychiatric service to a greater extent. This study was conducted to look at trends over time in the number of psychiatrists recruited, psychiatric medication and hospitalization for persons with ID in residential care in Israel. Data was(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of physical training on balance, strength, and general well-being in adult people with intellectual disability (ID). This study evaluated how physical training can effect physical and psychological change among 'older' adults with mild ID. Participants consisted of non-randomly selected groups with ID(More)
  • Joav Merrick
  • 1998
This article introduces an issue of World Health Statistics Quarterly that summarizes the activities of working groups charged by the World Health Organization (WHO) with suggesting actions for a new holistic global health policy for the 21st century. After a brief introduction, the article describes implementation of the global consultative process to(More)
Marijuana (cannabis) remains a controversial drug in the twenty-first century. This paper considers current research on use of Cannabis sativa and its constituents such as the cannabinoids. Topics reviewed include prevalence of cannabis (pot) use, other drugs consumed with pot, the endocannabinoid system, use of medicinal marijuana, medical adverse effects(More)
It is possible to understand the process of healing from a holistic perspective. According to the life mission theory, we can stretch our existence and lower our quality of life when we are in crises, to survive and adapt, and we can relax to increase our quality of life when we later have resources for healing. The holistic process theory explains how this(More)