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Porcine circoviruses (PCVs) type 1 (PCV1) and type 2 (PCV2) show high levels of nucleotide similarity, but PCV1 is considered non-pathogenic and PCV2 has been associated with several disease outcomes in pigs, mainly postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). After exploring different topologies of the origin of PCVs, it was concluded that PCV1 and(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a member of the family Circoviridae, a recently established virus family composed of small, non-enveloped viruses, with a circular, single-stranded DNA genome. PCV2, which is found all over the world in the domestic pig and probably the wild boar, has been recently associated with a number of disease syndromes, which have(More)
Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome, caused by porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), is a recently described clinical condition which affects nursery and growing pigs. PMWS was initially recognized in Canada in 1991 and nowadays is considered to be worldwide distributed. Clinically, PMWS most representative symptoms include wasting, unthriftness,(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of swine Torque teno virus (TTV) in post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)-affected and non-affected Spanish swine. Nested PCR (nPCR) assays to detect two distinct TTV genogroups were applied. A significantly higher prevalence of TTV infection was found in sera from PMWS-affected(More)
A retrospective study to detect evidence of swine Torque teno virus (TTV) genogroups 1 and 2 infection in sera of pigs from the Spanish livestock between years 1985 and 2005 was carried out by means of PCR. Also, the molecular evolution of TTV genogroups 1 and 2 during the 20-year period studied using a 250-base sequence of the non-coding region of the(More)
Clinical signs and pathological features are still the corner-stones to suspect and diagnose overt disease associated with PCV2 infection. The clinico-pathological scope of this viral infection has been expanded over time. From the initial description of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome, some enteric, respiratory and reproductive disorders have(More)
There has been a worldwide increase in the number and geographical spread of wild boar populations in recent decades leading to an increase in both the circulation of disease agents and greater contact with domestic animals and humans. Diseases affect the population dynamics of wildlife but the effects of most viral diseases on the European wild boar are(More)
The present review concentrates on the clinical, pathological and immunological aspects of pigs suffering from PMWS which strongly suggest that PCV2 may be, in particular conditions, a cause of secondary immunodeficiency in pigs. From a clinical point of view, the lack of antibiotic therapy response against the disease, the existence of a litter effect and(More)
We studied the seroprevalence of six reproductive pathogens in Spanish hunter-harvested wild boar females. The sample was representative of the hunting harvest in the studied hunting estates. Mean antibody prevalences were: 60.6+/-0.06% for Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV), 56.6+/-0.09% for porcine parvovirus (PPV), 51.8+/-0.06% for porcine circovirus type 2(More)