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The nucleolus is a distinct subnuclear compartment that was first observed more than 200 years ago. Nucleoli assemble around the tandemly repeated ribosomal DNA gene clusters and 28S, 18S and 5.8S ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) are transcribed as a single precursor, which is processed and assembled with the 5S rRNA into ribosome subunits. Although the nucleolus is(More)
In this study we have used the transcription assay with 5'-fluorouridine incorporation into nascent RNA to analyze the nuclear organization and dynamics of transcription sites in rat trigeminal ganglia neurons. The 5'-FU administrated by i.p. injection was successfully incorporated into nuclear domains containing actively transcribing genes of trigeminal(More)
Multiple functions have been reported for the transcription factor and candidate tumour suppressor, CTCF. Among others, they include regulation of cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis, enhancer-blocking activity and control of imprinted genes. CTCF is usually localized in the nucleus and its subcellular distribution during the cell cycle is dynamic;(More)
This paper studies the molecular organization, neuronal distribution and cellular differentiation dynamics of the giant fibrillar centers (GFCs) of nucleoli in rat sensory ganglia neurons. The GFC appeared as a round nucleolar domain (1-2 microm in diameter) partially surrounded by the dense fibrillar component and accompanied by numerous small FCs. By(More)
Neurite outgrowth is a central feature of neuronal differentiation. PC12 cells are a good model system for studying the peripheral nervous system and the outgrowth of neurites. In addition to the dramatic changes observed in the cytoplasm, neuronal differentiation is also accompanied by striking changes in nuclear morphology. The large and sustained(More)
It is well established that forskolin-induced elevation of cAMP results in activation of DNA synthesis in Schwann cell cultures. This promitotic response is partially mediated by the Cdk2, which is required for the transition from the G1 to the S phase of the cell cycle. In the present study, we analyze the effects of cAMP elevation in cultured Schwann(More)
It is well known that the cell nucleus is organized in structural and functional compartments involved in transcription, RNA processing and protein modifications such as conjugation with SUMO-1 and proteolysis. Promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) bodies are dynamic nuclear structures that concentrate PML protein, SUMO-1 and several sumoylated and non-sumoylated(More)
In plants and other organisms, glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis is catalysed sequentially by γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γECS) and glutathione synthetase (GSHS). In legumes, homoglutathione (hGSH) can replace GSH and is synthesized by γECS and a specific homoglutathione synthetase (hGSHS). The subcellular localization of the enzymes was examined by(More)
Even though RAS usually acts as a dominant transforming oncogene, in primary fibroblasts and some established cell lines Ras inhibits proliferation. This can explain the virtual absence of RAS mutations in some types of tumors, such as chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We report that in the CML cell line K562 Ras induces p21Cip1 expression through the(More)
Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) is a type of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) characterized by primary nerve demyelination sometimes with secondary axonal degeneration. Studies on the fine structure of dorsal root ganglia in AIDP are lacking. Our aim was to investigate the cytology and nuclear organization of primary sensory neurons in(More)