Joaquín Lado-Abeal

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Leptin is a circulating protein produced by adipocytes that has been implicated in control of body weight through appetite regulation and control of reproduction, most likely through an effect on the central nervous system. From studies in mice, it is clear that the genetic background of the animal on which the mutation in the leptin gene is placed can(More)
AIM Non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) is related to changes in thyroid hormone (TH) physiology. Skeletal muscle (SM) plays a major role in metabolism, and TH regulates SM phenotype and metabolism. We aimed to characterize the SM of non-septic shock NTIS patients in terms of: i) expression of genes and proteins involved in TH metabolism and actions; and(More)
Incorporation of selenocysteine (Sec), through recoding of the UGA stop codon, creates a unique class of proteins. Mice lacking tRNASec die in utero, but the in vivo role of other components involved in selenoprotein synthesis is unknown, and Sec incorporation defects have not been described in humans. Deiodinases (DIOs) are selenoproteins involved in(More)
Menstrual irregularity is a common complaint at presentation in women with Cushing's syndrome, although the etiology has been little studied. We have assessed 45 female patients (median age, 32 yr; range, 16-41 yr) with newly diagnosed pituitary-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Patients were subdivided into 4 groups according to the duration of their menstrual(More)
Less than 1% of all cancers are present in the thyroid, yet thyroid nodules are found in 4 to 10% of the adult population. Because thyroid nodules are relatively common, the diagnostic dilemma is to distinguish between a more common benign nodule, which usually does not require specific treatment, and a malignant nodule, which requires thyroidectomy and(More)
AIMS Beradinelli-Seip congenital generalized lipodystrophy is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by near-complete absence of adipose tissue, Herculean appearance, insulin resistance, hypoleptinaemia and diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of pioglitazone on the expression of genes involved in(More)
OBJECTIVES Although the adipocyte protein leptin has been implicated in the control of reproductive function in rodents, its role in primate reproductive physiology is poorly understood. Because primates in puberty show nighttime LH secretion and there is considerable evidence that the fertile state requires adequate nutrition, we reasoned that animals on(More)
OBJECTIVE Because glucocorticoids stimulate leptin release and, at least in vitro, leptin inhibits cortisol secretion, a feedback system between glucocorticoids and leptin has been proposed. However, in humans and non-human primates there are no in vivo studies to support any role for leptin in the control of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. In this(More)
OBJECTIVES The hypothalamus possesses serotoninergic fibres which arise from neuronal cell bodies located in the raphe nuclei and have synapse on GnRH-secreting neurones. Hitherto, no firm evidence has been produced to support a role for serotoninergic control of LH in humans. Our first objective was to investigate whether pulsatile administration of(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance to thyrotropin (TSH) causes congenital hypothyroidism (CH). TSH receptor (TSHR) and adenylate cyclase-stimulating G alpha protein subunit (GNAS) loss-of-function mutations cause TSH resistance. We describe a family with TSH resistance and CH bearing a combination of inactivating mutations in TSHR and GNAS genes. We describe studies to(More)