Joaquín Arenas

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Mitochondrial dysfunction might play a central role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aims of this study were to evaluate whether free fatty acid (FFA) transport into the mitochondria or the activity of mitochondria respiratory chain (MRC) complexes are impaired in NASH. In patients with NASH and control subjects, we measured(More)
Mutations in OPA1, a dynamin-related GTPase involved in mitochondrial fusion, cristae organization and control of apoptosis, have been linked to non-syndromic optic neuropathy transmitted as an autosomal-dominant trait (DOA). We here report on eight patients from six independent families showing that mutations in the OPA1 gene can also be responsible for a(More)
Mutations in mtDNA are responsible for a variety of mitochondrial diseases, where the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene has especially hot spots for pathogenic mutations. Clinical features often depend on the tRNA species and/or positions of the mutations; however, molecular pathogenesis elucidating the relation between the location of the mutations and(More)
Until now, little attention has been paid to the contribution of mitochondrial dysfunction to germinal tissue disorders. The target of this study was to investigate the relationship between sperm motility and mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities. The results obtained showed that semen samples of control individuals (n = 33) have substantially(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), the most frequent mitochondrial disorder, is mostly due to three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in respiratory chain complex I subunit genes: 3460/ND1, 11778/ND4 and 14484/ND6. Despite considerable clinical evidences, a genetic modifying role of the mtDNA haplogroup background in the clinical expression of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on mitochondrial activity and its relation with the apoptosis of human articular chondrocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Mitochondrial function was evaluated by analysing respiratory chain enzyme complexes, citrate synthase (CS) activities, and mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta psi m). The(More)
The C34T mutation in the gene encoding for the skeletal muscle-specific isoform of AMP deaminase (AMPD1) is a common mutation among Caucasians (i.e., one of five individuals) that can impair exercise capacity. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, we determined the frequency distribution of the C34T mutation in a group of top-level Caucasian(More)
Enhanced detection of hematogenous circulating prostatic cells in patients with prostate adenocarcinoma using prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSM)-based nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. Clin Chem 1995;41:1698–704. 10. Matsumura M, Niwa Y, Kato N, Komatsu Y, Shiina S, Kawabe T. Detection of alpha-protein mRNA, an indicator of(More)
We found a variable defect of complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, ranging in severity from 25% to 63% of control values, in muscle of patients with Huntington's disease (HD). The most severe defect was observed in the patient with the greatest expansion of CAG triplets. Muscle morphology showed myopathic changes such as moth-eaten fibers,(More)
The biogenesis and function of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (RC) involve the organization of RC enzyme complexes in supercomplexes or respirasomes through an unknown biosynthetic process. This leads to structural interdependences between RC complexes, which are highly relevant from biological and biomedical perspectives, because RC defects often lead(More)