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Aims To compare short- and long-term mortality after a first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Methods and results A nationwide cohort of 2,018 diabetic and 19,547 nondiabetic patients with a first hospitalized AMI in 1995 was identified through linkage of the national hospital discharge register and the(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of colonic transit time (CTT) is sometimes used in the evaluation of patients with chronic constipation. AIM To investigate the relation between symptoms and CTT, and to assess the importance of symptoms and CTT in predicting outcome. METHODS Between 1995 and 2000, 169 consecutive patients (median age 8.4 years, 65% boys)(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this systematic review was to examine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography angiography (CTA) is more sensitive for the detection of endoleaks in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after EVAR. DESIGN Systematic review. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic electronic search was performed.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this review was to assess the value of immediate total-body computed tomography (CT) during the primary survey of injured patients compared with conventional radiographic imaging supplemented with selective CT. METHODS A systematic search of the literature was performed in MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a systematic review to determine and compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast enema (CE), anorectal manometry (ARM) and rectal suction biopsy (RSB) in infants suspected of Hirschsprung disease. DESIGN This is a systematic review. DATA SOURCES Articles were identified through electronic searches in Medline, EMBASE.com and(More)
BACKGROUND Computed tomography (CT) of injured patients in the radiology department requires potentially dangerous and time-consuming patient transports and transfers. It was hypothesized that CT in the trauma room would improve patient outcome and workflow. METHODS A randomized trial compared the effect of locating a CT scanner in the trauma room versus(More)
The effect of tetrahydrolipstatin (THL), a recently developed pancreatic lipase inhibitor, on fasting plasma lipid levels and postprandial lipoprotein and retinyl palmitate (RP) metabolism was studied in 17 hyperlipidemic subjects, using an oral RP fat load (8 hours, 50 g fat/m2). During therapy with THL, fasting plasma cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy exists about the indication of thrombolytic therapy in the subgroup of hemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) and right ventricular dysfunction. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is excreted from the cardiac ventricles in response to cardiomyocyte stretch and can be measured with an easy-to-perform blood(More)
Comparison of operative morbidity rates after pancreatoduodenectomy between units may be misleading because it does not take into account the physiological variable of the condition of the patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) for(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite optimal medical therapy and endoscopic sinus surgery there still remains a group of unfortunate patients suffering from exacerbations of recalcitrant chronic sinusitis. We have performed a pilot study in order to determine whether nebulized topical antibiotic therapy improves sinusitis symptoms more than saline-based placebo in patients(More)