Joannelle Bacus

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Cancer chemoprevention is defined as the prevention of cancer by the administration of diet supplements or drugs. A drug discovery effort should therefore focus on finding agents that will avert the process of intraepithelial neoplasia which precedes invasive cancer. Over 30 agents developed by the chemoprevention program at the National Cancer Institute(More)
A new image morphometric method of nuclear grading is described and assessed in the context of the evaluation of histological samples from ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. The method results in a continuous scaled variable, or nuclear grading scale, expressed in SD units from measured normal nuclei from breast(More)
A new method of performing DNA ploidy measurements in tissue sections using image cytometry is described. The method involves an image processing "object" filtering operation to remove cut and overlapping nuclei, and DNA correction of larger nuclei for the part of the DNA cut away. The methodology of the technique is developed in detail, and the results of(More)
Our objective was to grade, by computer-assisted quantitative image tile analysis, the intraepithelial neoplasia (also called dysplasia) that develops in esophagi of rats given N-nitrosomethybenzylamine (NMBA) for 5 weeks. To perform image tile analysis, the computer divides the video image of the neoplastic epithelium into a row of contiguous small(More)
Cancer chemoprevention is concerned with the development of drugs or diet supplements that will avert the onset or stop the progression of the intraepithelial neoplasia which precedes invasive cancer. Two basic processes underlie the onset and development of intraepithelial neoplasia. First is genomic instability (often associated with chronic diffuse(More)
The development of prostatic lesions undergoes a slow progression. To establish efficacy of chemopreventive intervention it is therefore necessary to define surrogate endpoint biomarkers. Such biomarkers should be sensitive in their ability to indicate response. They should be objective, ie, the result of measurement, and numerically defined so that a(More)
The objective of the study was to compare three methods of monitoring the inhibition by dietary theaflavins of N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA)-induced rat esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia: the mean tile grade, measured by computer-assisted quantitative image tile analysis; tumor multiplicity; and mean tumor size. A "tile" is defined as a small portion(More)
An assay method that precisely quantitates the cellular and tissue changes associated with early, preinvasive neoplasia is much needed as a surrogate endpoint biomarker (SEB) in clinical trials to predict the potential efficacy of chemopreventive agents in bringing about cancer incidence reduction. Quantification of histological changes at the tissue level(More)
DNA ploidy has become a commonly performed quantitative image cytometry test in microscopic pathology. This has led to the need to develop quality control procedures to aid in assuring uniform and reliable test results. There are a number of unique issues related to the emerging technology of image analysis and its routine use as a quantitative microscopic(More)
Hydrophobic zeolite was synthesized, modified and characterized for its suitability as a permeable reactive barrier (PRB) material for treatment of hydrocarbons in groundwater. Batch sorption tests were performed along with a number of standard characterization techniques. High and low ionic strength and pH tests were also conducted to determine their(More)
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