Joanne W Dixon

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BACKGROUND Social adversity may be a risk factor for depression, by increasing cortisol secretion, which impairs serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission. AIMS To examine this causal pathway in a community setting. METHOD Women who were currently ICD-10 depressed (n=94), vulnerable to depression but not depressed (n=166) and non-vulnerable controls (n=177)(More)
Both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA mutations can cause energy generation disorders. Respiratory chain complex I deficiency is the most common energy generation disorder and a frequent cause of infantile mitochondrial encephalopathies such as Leigh's disease and lethal infantile mitochondrial disease. Most such cases have been assumed to be caused by nuclear(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents a major health burden. Its central feature of renal fibrosis is not well understood. By exome sequencing, we identified mutations in FAN1 as a cause of karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN), a disorder that serves as a model for renal fibrosis. Renal histology in KIN is indistinguishable from that of(More)
Notch signaling determines and reinforces cell fate in bilaterally symmetric multicellular eukaryotes. Despite the involvement of Notch in many key developmental systems, human mutations in Notch signaling components have mainly been described in disorders with vascular and bone effects. Here, we report five heterozygous NOTCH1 variants in unrelated(More)
We report the clinical findings in a boy with mosaicism for a duplication of chromosome 12q13.1-->q24.2. His clinical characteristics are very similar to previously reported mosaic duplications of the distal long arm of 12, as well as several cases with non-mosaic duplications. It is proposed that this represents a clinically distinguishable syndrome for(More)
Bloom syndrome (BS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by increases in the frequency of sister-chromatid exchange and in the incidence of malignancy. Chromosome-transfer studies have shown the BS locus to map to chromosome 15q. This report describes a subject with features of both BS and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Molecular analysis showed(More)
DNA replication precisely duplicates the genome to ensure stable inheritance of genetic information. Impaired licensing of origins of replication during the G1 phase of the cell cycle has been implicated in Meier-Gorlin syndrome (MGS), a disorder defined by the triad of short stature, microtia, and a/hypoplastic patellae. Biallelic partial loss-of-function(More)
A 22 year old woman with partial trisomy for the long arm of chromosome 2 is described. The karyotype is 46,XX, dir dup(2)(q33.1q35) de novo confirmed by FISH using a chromosome 2 specific paint. Parental chromosome studies were normal. To our knowledge this is the first report of trisomy for this specific segment of 2q and only the sixth case of de novo(More)
RATIONALE Antiepileptic drugs are the mainstay of treatment for patients with epilepsy. Adherence to the prescribed regimen is a major factor in achieving a reduced seizure burden, which can decrease morbidity and mortality. Patients with epilepsy oftentimes complain about difficulty with memory. Because little is known about the relationship between memory(More)