Joanne Recchia

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The purpose of this investigation was to explore the structure-function relationship among naturally occurring Quillaja saponins and derivatives for their ability to stimulate insulin delivery from nosedrops and eyedrops and to test the hypothesis that stimulation of peptide drug delivery was correlated with surfactant strength. Native saponins, including(More)
Western blot analysis of proteins from a cell culture isolate (USG3) of the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) agent has identified a number of immunoreactive proteins, including major antigenic proteins of 43 and 45 kDa. Peptides derived from the 43- and 45-kDa proteins were sequenced, and degenerate PCR primers based on these sequences were used to(More)
The antigenic variation associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus type-1 (HIV-1) envelope proteins could limit their utility in vaccines if the immune responses induced are specific for immunodominant variable epitopes. We evaluated the ability of experimental subunit vaccines, containing recombinant forms of the envelope glycoprotein (rgp120) from two(More)
QS-21, a purified Quillaja saponaria saponin immunologic adjuvant, contains two functional groups that we hypothesized to be involved in the adjuvant mechanism of action through charge or Schiff base interaction with a cellular target. Derivatives, prepared by modification of these sites, were prepared and tested for their ability to augment the(More)
The adjuvant activity of a single highly purified saponin from the soap bark tree Quillaja saponaria was evaluated by using it as a component in an experimental vaccine containing rHIV-1 envelope protein (HIV-1 160D) adsorbed to alum. BALB/c mice immunized with experimental vaccine formulations containing the saponin adjuvant QS-21 produced significantly(More)
DS-1, a modified Quillaja saponin, has recently been shown to promote the absorption of insulin and aminoglycoside antibiotics via the ocular and nasal route. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of DS-1 on intestinal permeability, the mechanism of its action, and reversibility of the effect. The permeation-enhancing activity of DS-1 was(More)
The ability of a saponin adjuvant, QS-21, to induce OVA-specific, class I MHC Ag-restricted CTL was investigated using different forms of soluble OVA and OVA adsorbed onto alum as immunogens. C57BL/6 mice were immunized with soluble native or denatured OVA in formulations that contained increasing quantities of QS-21, and CTL responses were measured using(More)
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of a purified, semisynthetic saponin, DS-1, prepared by deacylation of a naturally occurring saponin from the bark of the Quillaja saponaria Molina tree, as a permeation enhancer for mucosal delivery of the aminoglycosides, gentamicin and tobramycin. Methods. Gentamicin or tobramycin(More)
A genetically engineered subunit vaccine against FeLV infection was developed. The protective immunogen in the vaccine was a purified recombinant protein containing the entire amino acid sequence of FeLV subgroup A gp70 envelope protein. The optimal adjuvant was determined to be a highly purified saponin, QS-21, derived from Quillaja saponaria Molina. A(More)
The purpose of this study was to test DS-1, a modified Quillaja saponin, for its efficacy as an absorption enhancer. Anesthetized rats receiving eyedrops or nosedrops formulated with regular pork insulin in saline showed no hypoglycemic response, indicating no systemic absorption of insulin. However, rats receiving eyedrops or nosedrops formulated with(More)