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BACKGROUND Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene mutation (PGM) are common inherited thrombophilias. Retrospective studies variably suggest a link between maternal FVL/PGM and placenta-mediated pregnancy complications including pregnancy loss, small for gestational age, pre-eclampsia and placental abruption. Prospective cohort studies provide a(More)
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a clinically significant pregnancy disorder in which the fetus fails to achieve its full growth potential in utero. Identifiable causes of FGR account for approximately 30% of cases, but the remainder are idiopathic and are frequently associated with placental malfunction. Previously, we isolated the homeobox gene HLX1 and(More)
Idiopathic fetal growth restriction (FGR) is often associated with placental insufficiency. Previously, we isolated and characterized homeobox gene DLX4 from the placenta and provided evidence that DLX4 may regulate placental development. Here, we have investigated whether DLX4 expression levels were altered in idiopathic FGR. FGR-affected placentae were(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombophilias are common disorders that increase the risk of pregnancy-associated venous thromboembolism and pregnancy loss and can also increase the risk of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (severe pre-eclampsia, small-for-gestational-age infants, and placental abruption). We postulated that antepartum dalteparin would reduce these(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the prevalence of perineal pain, the effects of pain on postnatal recovery, analgesia used to relieve pain and the perceived effectiveness of such analgesia at the Royal Women's Hospital, Victoria, Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS We conducted structured interviews of 215 women in the postnatal ward of a tertiary(More)
Elucidating the genetic architecture of preeclampsia is a major goal in obstetric medicine. We have performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for preeclampsia in unrelated Australian individuals of Caucasian ancestry using the Illumina OmniExpress-12 BeadChip to successfully genotype 648,175 SNPs in 538 preeclampsia cases and 540 normal pregnancy(More)
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a clinically significant pregnancy disorder in which the fetus fails to achieve its full growth potential in utero. This study involved idiopathic FGR, which is frequently associated with placental dysfunction. Here, we investigated mRNA levels of the human placental homeobox gene ESX1L in pre-term and term idiopathic FGR(More)
OBJECTIVES Apert syndrome is characterized by craniosynostosis and complex hand and foot syndactyly, and an increased risk of brain, palate, heart, and visceral malformations, and intellectual disability. This study aims to describe the structural brain abnormalities detected by dedicated neuroimaging of fetuses with Apert syndrome. METHODS Retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) is an important regulator of fibrinolysis. A common deletion polymorphism that results in a sequence of 4G instead of 5G in the promoter region of the gene is associated with a small increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism. Its potential association with adverse pregnancy events remains(More)