Joanne M. Lumsden

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Immunoglobulin class switch recombination (Ig CSR) involves DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) at recombining switch regions and repair of these breaks by nonhomologous end-joining. Because the protein kinase ataxia telengiectasia (AT) mutated (ATM) plays a critical role in DSB repair and AT patients show abnormalities of Ig isotype expression, we assessed the(More)
At present, radiation-attenuated plasmodia sporozoites ( gamma -spz) is the only vaccine that induces sterile and lasting protection in malaria-naive humans and laboratory rodents. However, gamma -spz are not without risks. For example, the heterogeneity of the gamma -spz could explain occasional breakthrough infections. To avoid this possibility, we(More)
The Fus1 gene resides in the critical 3p21.3 human chromosomal region deleted in lung and breast cancers. Recently, the tumour suppressor properties of Fus1 were confirmed experimentally by intra-tumoural administration of Fus1 that suppressed experimental lung metastasis in mice. We generated Fus1-deficient mice that were viable, fertile, and demonstrated(More)
A phase 2a RTS,S/AS malaria vaccine trial, conducted previously at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, conferred sterile immunity against a primary challenge with infectious sporozoites in 40% of the 80 subjects enrolled in the study. The frequency of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (CSP)-specific CD4(+) T cells was significantly(More)
Activation of p38 MAP kinase in T cells leads to increased interferon-gamma production in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and the selective cell death of CD8+ T cells. To address the role of p38 MAP kinase activation in T cells during an in vivo immune response, we examined the response against the influenza virus in transgenic mice expressing a constitutively(More)
In a Phase 2a trial of the RTS,S/AS vaccine, we described significant association between protection against infection and vaccine-induced CD4 T cells. To determine whether processing of the circumsporozoite protein as a component of the RTS,S particulate antigen yields the same HLA-DR-restricted epitopes as those recognized by CD4 T cells from donors(More)
Malaria remains an important health threat to non-immune travelers with the explosive growth of global travel. Populations at high risk of acquiring malaria infections include once semi-immune travelers who visit friends and relatives, military forces, business travelers and international tourists with destinations to sub-Saharan Africa, where malaria(More)
The c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway is induced by cytokines and stress stimuli and is implicated in cell death and differentiation, but the specific function of this pathway depends on the cell type. Here we examined the role of JNK1 and JNK2 in CD8(+) T cells. Unlike CD4(+) T cells, the absence of JNK2 causes increased interleukin(More)
Invariant NKT (iNKT) cells are a population of TCRalphabeta-expressing cells that are unique in several respects. In contrast to conventional T cells, iNKT cells are selected in the thymus for recognition of CD1, rather than conventional MHC class I or II, and are selected by CD1-expressing double-positive thymocytes, rather than by the thymic stromal cells(More)
The c-Jun NH 2 -terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway is induced by cytokines and stress stimuli and is implicated in cell death and differentiation, but the specific function of this pathway depends on the cell type. Here we examined the role of JNK1 and JNK2 in CD8 T cells. Unlike CD4 T cells, the absence of JNK2 causes increased interleukin (IL)-2(More)