Joanne Louise Hart

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To investigate whether diabetes affects either or both nitric oxide (NO)-mediated and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-type relaxation in endothelium-dependent relaxation of mesenteric arteries from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Wire myography was employed to examine endothelial(More)
Gaseous mediators are important signaling molecules with properties that differ from other, larger signaling molecules. Small gaseous mediators readily cross cell membranes and can access sites on target molecules that would be inaccessible to bulkier molecules. They have a variety of signaling mechanisms, some well understood, some not. The family of(More)
This study aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanism of H2S-induced vasorelaxation. Vasorelaxation responses to the H2S donor NaHS and the H2S precursor l-cysteine were examined by measuring isometric tone of mouse aortic rings in a small vessel myograph. H2S concentrations in Krebs' solution were determined with a polarographic sensor. H2S expression was(More)
BACKGROUND 3',4'-Dihydroxyflavonol (DiOHF) is an effective antioxidant that acutely preserves nitric oxide (NO) activity in the presence of elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS). We hypothesized that DiOHF treatment (7 days, 1 mg/kg per day s.c.) would improve relaxation in mesenteric arteries from diabetic rats where endothelial dysfunction is associated(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether diabetes-induced oxidant stress affects the contribution of nitroxyl (HNO) to endothelium-dependent relaxation in the rat aorta. Organ bath techniques were employed to determine vascular function of rat aorta. Pharmacological tools (3mM l-cysteine, 5mM 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), 200μM carboxy-PTIO and 100μM(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the ability of H2S, released from NaHS to protect vascular endothelial function under conditions of acute oxidative stress by scavenging superoxide anions (O2 −) and suppressing vascular superoxide anion production. O2 − was generated in Krebs' solution by reacting hypoxanthine with xanthine oxidase (Hx-XO) or with the(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is increasingly recognized as a gasotransmitter with protective effects in the cardiovascular system. The aim of the study was to examine the effects of chronic NaHS treatment on blood pressure, vascular function and oxidative stress in an in vivo model of hypertension and oxidative stress. Male C57Bl6/J mice were rendered(More)
Diabetes is known to cause an overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), contributing to the impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation in microvasculature, however it is not clear whether antioxidants are able to reverse microvascular endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the synthetic flavonol(More)
Hydrogen sulfide is a novel mediator with the unique properties of a gasotransmitter and many and varied physiological effects. Included in these effects are a number of cardiovascular effects that are proving beneficial to vascular health. Specifically, H2S can elicit vasorelaxation, prevention of inflammation and leukocyte adhesion, anti-proliferative(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is produced endogenously in vascular tissue and has both vasoregulation and antioxidant effects. This study examines the effect of diabetes-induced oxidative stress on H2S production and function in rat middle cerebral arteries. Diabetes was induced in rats with streptozotocin (50 mg/kg, i.v.). Middle cerebral artery function was(More)