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The monoclonal anti-CEA antibody, A5B7, has previously been administered to patients for radioimmunotherapy (RIT). Long circulation time and the formation of an immune response have limited therapeutic success in the clinic. Antibody fragments can be used to reduce the in vivo circulation time, but the best combination of fragment and radioisotope to use(More)
Studies in animal tumour models of colorectal cancer suggest that F(ab')2 antibody fragments to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) labelled with iodine-131 give superior therapy compared with intact anti-CEA antibody. The purpose of this study was to investigate this hypothesis in patients. Ten patients received intact A5B7 IgG1 mouse monoclonal antibody (MAb)(More)
An outbreak of delta hepatitis occurred during 1998 among the Waorani of the Amazon basin of Ecuador. Among 58 people identified with jaundice, 79% lived in four of 22 Waorani communities. Serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was found in the sera of 54% of the jaundiced persons, and 14% of asymptomatic persons. Ninety-five percent of 105 asymptomatic(More)
The cytokine TWEAK and its cognate receptor Fn14 are members of the TNF/TNFR superfamily and are upregulated in tumors. We found that Fn14, when expressed in tumors, causes cachexia and that antibodies against Fn14 dramatically extended lifespan by inhibiting tumor-induced weight loss although having only moderate inhibitory effects on tumor growth.(More)
We have been investigating the use of cross-linked divalent (DFM) and trivalent (TFM) versions of the anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) monoclonal antibody A5B7 as possible alternatives to the parent forms (IgG and F(ab')2) which have been used previously in clinical radioimmunotherapy (RIT) studies in colorectal carcinoma. Comparative biodistribution(More)
The single variable new antigen receptor domain antibody fragments (V NAR s) derived from shark immunoglobulin new antigen receptor antibodies (IgNARs) represent some of the smallest known immunoglobulin-based protein scaffolds. As single domains, they demonstrate favorable size and cryptic epitope recognition properties, making them attractive in diagnosis(More)
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is currently limited by toxicity to normal tissues as a result of prolonged circulating radioantibody in the blood. In this study, the use of a clearing antibody was investigated (second antibody) in an attempt to reduce blood background levels of [90Y]A5B7 immunoglobulin G (IgG) activity, and, therefore, improve the therapeutic(More)
Antibody engineering has made it possible to design antibodies with optimal characteristics for delivery of radionuclides for tumour imaging and therapy. A humanised divalent-Fab' cross-linked with a bis-maleimide linker referred to as humanised divalent-Fab' maleimide was produced as a result of this design process. It is a humanised divalent antibody with(More)
Several case series showed no evidence of HDV infection among cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, while others reported high levels of infection. ln two case-control studies of hepatocellular carcinoma and HDV infection among subjects seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen, there were no anti-HD-seropositive individuals among cases or controls. Three(More)
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