Joanne K Sparrow

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Mitral or tricuspid regurgitation of long duration may so shorten the ventricular filling time in dilated cardiomyopathy that stroke volume is limited. We assessed the effects of changing the atrioventricular interval during temporary or permanent dual-chamber DDD pacing in twelve dilated cardiomyopathy patients with short ventricular filling times due to(More)
An apparatus was developed to study social reinforcement in the rat. Four Long-Evans female rats were trained to press a lever via shaping, with the reinforcer being access to a castrated male rat. Responding under a fixed-ratio schedule and in extinction was also observed. Social access was found to be an effective reinforcer. When social reinforcement was(More)
This study examined associations between parent-child interactions and the development of social skills in 42 children (21 typically developing and 21 with autism spectrum disorders) between the ages of 3 years, 0 months and 6 years, 11 months. We expected that positive parent-child interaction qualities would be related to children's social skills and(More)
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are conditions caused by prenatal alcohol exposure in amounts sufficient to cause permanent deficits in brain functioning. Extent of damage largely depends on timing, dose, frequency, and pattern of exposure. Timing is especially important because prenatal alcohol exposure during critical periods of gestation can(More)
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