Joanne I. Yeh

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Nanomaterials (NM) exhibit novel physicochemical properties that determine their interaction with biological substrates and processes. Three metal oxide nanoparticles that are currently being produced in high tonnage, TiO(2), ZnO, and CeO(2), were synthesized by flame spray pyrolysis process and compared in a mechanistic study to elucidate the(More)
Nanomaterial properties differ from those bulk materials of the same composition, allowing them to execute novel activities. A possible downside of these capabilities is harmful interactions with biological systems, with the potential to generate toxicity. An approach to assess the safety of nanomaterials is urgently required. We compared the cellular(More)
Glut-2 is a low-affinity transporter present in the plasma membrane of pancreatic beta-cells, hepatocytes and intestine and kidney absorptive epithelial cells of mice. In beta-cells, Glut-2 has been proposed to be active in the control of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS; ref. 2), and its expression is strongly reduced in glucose-unresponsive(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin D and its receptor have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus. We have therefore studied the influence of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms on susceptibility to type 1 diabetes, and rates of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) autoantibody and islet cell autoantibody (ICA512) positivity. (More)
Sn-glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GlpD) is an essential membrane enzyme, functioning at the central junction of respiration, glycolysis, and phospholipid biosynthesis. Its critical role is indicated by the multitiered regulatory mechanisms that stringently controls its expression and function. Once expressed, GlpD activity is regulated through(More)
While it has been known for more than 20 years that unusually stable cysteine-sulfenic acid (Cys-SOH) derivatives can be introduced in selected proteins by mild oxidation, only recently have chemical and crystallographic evidence for functional Cys-SOH been presented with native proteins such as NADH peroxidase and NADH oxidase, nitrile hydratase, and the(More)
The high metabolic requirements of the mammalian central nervous system require specialized structures for the facilitated transport of nutrients across the blood-brain barrier. Stereospecific high-capacity carriers, including those that recognize glucose, are key components of this barrier, which also protects the brain against noxious substances.(More)
Both the anabolic hormone insulin and contractile activity stimulate the uptake of glucose into mammalian skeletal muscle. In this study, we examined the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase), a putative mediator of insulin actions, in the stimulation of hexose uptake in response to hormone and contraction. Phosphatidylinositol(More)
The three-dimensional structure of an active, disulfide cross-linked dimer of the ligand-binding domain of the Salmonella typhimurium aspartate receptor and that of an aspartate complex have been determined by x-ray crystallographic methods at 2.4 and 2.0 angstrom (A) resolution, respectively. A single subunit is a four-alpha-helix bundle with two long(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of the Gly971Arg variant of the insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) gene in the development of NIDDM in the Chinese population living in Taiwan. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 82 unrelated normal control subjects, 89 subjects with NIDDM, and 23 multiplex families were recruited in Taiwan. All of them were Han Chinese.(More)