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A common feature of many advanced cancers is their enhanced capacity to metabolize glucose to lactic acid. In a challenging study designed to assess whether such cancers can be debilitated, we seeded hepatocellular carcinoma cells expressing the highly glycolytic phenotype into two different locations of young rats. Advanced cancers (2-3cm) developed and(More)
During mitochondrial ATP synthesis, F1-ATPase-the portion of the ATP synthase that contains the catalytic and regulatory nucleotide binding sites-undergoes a series of concerted conformational changes that couple proton translocation to the synthesis of the high levels of ATP required for cellular function. In the structure of the rat liver F1-ATPase,(More)
The terminal step of ATP synthesis in intact mitochondria is catalyzed by the ATP synthase (F(0)F(1)) that works in close synchrony with the P(i) and ADP/ATP carriers. Each carrier consists of only a single polypeptide chain in dimeric form, while the ATP synthase is highly complex consisting in animals of 17 known subunit types and more than 30 total(More)
The F0 portion of the rat liver mitochondrial ATP synthase (F0F1-ATPase) has been purified by a rapid, high yield procedure. F0 is selectively extracted from inner membrane vesicles with 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (CHAPS) after prior treatment of the vesicles with guanidine HCl to remove F1. The resultant F0 is functional in(More)
Deletion of phenylalanine 508 (delta Phe-508) in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein causes approximately 70% of all cases of cystic fibrosis. This residue lies in a region of the protein that we have synthesized chemically and shown to bind adenine nucleotides (Thomas, P. J., Shenbagamurthi, P., Ysern, X., and Pedersen,(More)
The F1 moiety of the mitochondrial ATP synthase is composed of five different subunits with stoichiometry alpha 3 beta 3 gamma delta epsilon and exhibits the capacity to synthesize ATP from ADP and Pi. We have previously crystallized rat liver F1 and described its structure at 9-A resolution (Amzel, L. M., McKinney, M., Narayanan, P., and Pedersen, P. L.(More)
In the presence of ATP and Mg2+, the homogeneous ATPase peptide inhibitor of rat liver mitochondria markedly inhibits the proton ATPase from this source (Cintrón N. M., and Pedersen, P. L. (1979) J. Biol. Chem. 254, 3439-3443). Under these conditions, calmodulin prevents the inhibitor peptide from inhibiting the liver H+-ATPase. About 1.5 mol of(More)
A 50-amino acid peptide predicted by chemical modification studies of F1 and by comparison with adenylate kinase to comprise part of an ATP-binding domain within the beta-subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase has been synthesized and purified. In the numbering system used for bovine heart beta, the peptide consists of amino acid residues from aspartate 141(More)