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Macular pigment (MP) is comprised of the carotenoids lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z), and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ), which selectively accumulate at the macula (central retina) of the eye and are neuroprotective. These carotenoids are also present in the brain, and evidence suggests a close correlation between retinal and brain concentrations. We investigated the(More)
In one of the most common forms of synaesthesia, linguistic-colour synaesthesia, colour is induced by stimuli such as numbers, letters, days of the week, and months of the year. It is not clear, however, whether linguistic-colour synaesthesia is determined more by higher level semantic information--that is, word meaning--or by lower level grapheme or(More)
Neuropathologic and neuroimaging studies have suggested that frontal lobes are affected in Huntington's disease (HD), and that atrophy in this region may be associated with some of the cognitive impairment and clinical decline observed in patients with HD. We measured gray and white matter volumes within the frontal lobes on MRI for 20 patients with HD (10(More)
CONTEXT Declarative memory largely depends upon normal functioning temporal lobes (hippocampal complex) and prefrontal cortex. Animal studies suggest abnormal hippocampal function in hypothyroidism. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess declarative memory in overt and subclinical (SCH) hypothyroid patients before and after l-T(4) (LT4) replacement(More)
PURPOSE The three carotenoids lutein, zeaxanthin, and meso-zeaxanthin, are found at the macula and referred to as macular pigment (MP). This study was undertaken to investigate determinants of MP in a large randomly selected sample from the Republic of Ireland (as part of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing [TILDA]). METHODS MP optical density (MPOD)(More)
Investment necessary for growth is risky and often requires external …nancing. For an emerging market, access to international credit markets is volatile and interest rates re ‡ect risk of default. We present a theoretical model in which emerging market agents have access to a pro…table two-period investment project of …xed size greater than their(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) remains the most common cause of visual loss among subjects over 50 years of age in the developed world. The Irish Longitudinal study on Ageing (TILDA) is a population-based study of subjects aged 50 years or older, designed to investigate factors that influence ageing, and has enabled this investigation of(More)