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BACKGROUND Trastuzumab improves survival in the adjuvant treatment of HER-positive breast cancer, although combined therapy with anthracycline-based regimens has been associated with cardiac toxicity. We wanted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new nonanthracycline regimen with trastuzumab. METHODS We randomly assigned 3222 women with HER2-positive(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether positron emission tomography (PET) with the glucose analog [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and the estrogen analog 16 alpha-[(18)F]fluoroestradiol-17 beta (FES), performed before and after treatment with tamoxifen, could be used to detect hormone-induced changes in tumor metabolism (metabolic(More)
PURPOSE Women with breast cancer are thought to be vulnerable to depression for reasons associated with impact of diagnosis, treatment, and metabolic/endocrine changes. While the literature shows that most of these women do not become clinically depressed, 15% to 30% report elevated depressive symptoms that may be clinically important. The purpose was to(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to assess the results of PET with 16 alpha-[18F]fluoro-17 beta-estradiol (FES) and [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) to validate the concordance between tumor estrogen-receptor (ER) status as determined by FES-PET and in vitro assays and to assess the relationship between tumor metabolic activity determined by(More)
PURPOSE Host, tumor, and treatment-related factors influencing cosmetic outcome are analyzed for patients receiving breast conservation treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS Four-hundred and fifty-eight patients with evaluable records for cosmesis evaluation, a subset of 701 patients treated for invasive breast cancer with conservation technique between 1969(More)
PURPOSE We update Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial 8911 (USA Intergroup 113), a comparison of chemotherapy plus surgery versus surgery alone for patients with localized esophageal cancer. The relationship between resection type and between tumor response and outcome were also analyzed. PATIENTS AND METHODS The chemotherapy group received(More)
PURPOSE Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression is associated with a more aggressive form of breast cancer that responds well to trastuzumab therapy. Trastuzumab-based combination regimens have shown greater antitumor activity than chemotherapy alone. These findings, coupled with the favorable antitumor activity and tolerability(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether combination chemotherapy is superior to single agents for recurrent/metastatic head and neck cancer, we compared the efficacy and toxicity of cisplatin (CP) and fluorouracil (5-FU), alone and in combination in a phase III trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred forty-nine patients with recurrent head and neck cancer were(More)
We have investigated whether increased tumor uptake of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) detected with positron emission tomography (PET) early after initiating tamoxifen therapy (”metabolic flare”) predicts a hormonally responsive breast cancer. Eleven postmenopausal women with biopsy-proved estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) metastatic breast cancer were(More)
We utilized data from the comparison group of the Women’s Healthy Eating and Living randomized trial to investigate an “a priori” hypothesis suggested by CYP2D6 studies that hot flashes may be an independent predictor of tamoxifen efficacy. A total of 1551 women with early stage breast cancer were enrolled and randomized to the comparison group of the WHEL(More)