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Oligodendrocytes (OGs) assemble the myelin sheath around axons in the central nervous system. Specification of cells into the OG lineage is largely the result of interplay between bone morphogenetic protein, sonic hedgehog and Notch signaling pathways, which regulate expression of transcription factors (TFs) dictating spatial and temporal aspects of(More)
In mammals the olfactory receptor neurons are the only ones that are known to undergo continuous cell renewal in the adult animal. This means that the axon of each newly formed neuron must grow into the olfactory bulb to find its appropriate target cell. It is presumed that astrocytes ensheath the olfactory axons as they course through the nerve fiber layer(More)
PURPOSE To examine the relationship of family coping, resources, and strains on family adjustment over time following the NICU experience. DESIGN Longitudinal, correlational study based on the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment and Adaptation. SAMPLE Data were collected, through mailed questionnaires, from 71 couples, 18 to 24 months(More)
Coordinated expression of Hoxa2, Hoxd1 and Pax6 proteins were found to coincide with the three developmental stages of the diencephalon, as described for the mouse brain. In the first stage (embryonic day (E) 10-12) Hoxa2, Hoxd1 and Pax6 (an early marker gene of the diencephalon) were expressed as early as E10.5 in prosomeres (p), p2 and p3. All three(More)
During aging, there is a decrease both in the stability of central nervous system (CNS) myelin once formed and in the efficiency of its repair by oligodendrocytes (OLs). To study CNS remyelination during aging, we used the cuprizone (a copper chelator) mouse model. Inclusion of cuprizone in the diet kills mature OLs and demyelinates axons in the rostral(More)
BACKGROUND Elective endotracheal intubations are still commonly performed without premedication in many institutions. The hypothesis tested in this study was that morphine given prior to elective intubations in neonates would decrease fluctuations in vital signs, shorten the duration of intubation and reduce the number of attempts. METHODS From December(More)
Asthma morbidity and mortality are not distributed homogeneously among populations. To assess the relationship between asthma hospitalization rates and socioeconomic factors, we conducted an ecologic analysis using small geographical areas defined by postal zip code in New York City. Asthma hospitalization rates correlated with low median family income,(More)
The re-innervation of the olfactory bulb has been studied in rats in which the primary afferent axons were transected either in the peripheral nervous system, on the intracranial side of the cribriform plate, or in the central nervous system, in the nerve fibre layer of the bulb. Both procedures resulted in denervation of glomeruli on the dorsal surface of(More)
1. The olfactory epithelium (OE) is a simple structure that gives rise to olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) throughout life. 2. Numerous transcription factors (TFs) are expressed in regions of the OE which contain progenitor cells and OSNs. The function of some of these TFs in OSN development has been elucidated with the aide of transgenic knockout mice. 3.(More)
(1) Little information exists on the role of clustered Hox genes in oligodendrocyte (OG) development. This study examines the expression profile of Hoxd1 and identifies a potential downstream target in the OG lineage. (2) Immunocytochemical analysis of primary mixed glial cultures demonstrated Hoxd1 was expressed throughout OG development. (3) A human(More)