Joanne D. Kilgour

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Acute and repeated inhalation exposures (for 28 days) to polymeric methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (PMDI) were performed in rats. Investigations were made at the end of exposures and after 3, 10 and 30 days of recovery following single acute exposures and after 30 days of recovery following 28 days of exposure. Acute exposures to 10, 30 or 100 mg m(-3) PMDI(More)
There are many ways in which the dose can be expressed in inhalation toxicology studies. This can lead to confusion when comparing results from studies performed in different laboratories. A working party of the Association of Inhalation Toxicologists has reviewed this subject in detail and has collected data from 10 inhalation laboratories and used these(More)
Alveolar macrophage (AM) responses are commonly induced in inhalation toxicology studies, typically being observed as an increase in number or a vacuolated 'foamy' morphology. Discriminating between adaptive AM responses and adverse events during nonclinical and clinical development is a major scientific challenge. When measuring and interpreting induced AM(More)
Particulate matter has been shown to stimulate the innate immune system and induce acute inflammation. Therefore, while nanotechnology has the potential to provide therapeutic formulations with improved efficacy, there are concerns such pharmaceutical preparations could induce unwanted inflammatory side effects. Accordingly, we aim to examine the utility of(More)
Sulphuric acid mists have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as being carcinogenic to humans based on epidemiological findings of respiratory tract tumours. To determine if early changes in the respiratory tract following exposure to sulphuric acid (H(2)SO(4)) aerosols are consistent with the possible development of tumours(More)
Blood and urine were obtained from male Sprague-Dawley rats and B6C3F1 mice exposed to either a single 6 h or multiple daily (5 x 6 h) nose-only doses of 1,3-[2,3- (14)C]-butadiene at atmospheric concentrations of 1, 5 or 20 ppM. Globin was isolated from erythrocytes of exposed animals and analyzed for total radioactivity and also for(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to either a single 6h or a multiple (5) daily (6h) nose-only dose of 1,3-[2,3-(14)C]-butadiene at exposure concentrations of nominally 1, 5 or 20 ppm. The aim was to compare the results with those from a similar previous study at 200 ppm. DNA isolated from liver, lung and testis of exposed rats and mice(More)
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