Learn More
Endothelins act on two subtypes of G protein-coupled receptors, termed endothelin-A and endothelin-B receptors. We report a targeted disruption of the mouse endothelin-B receptor (EDNRB) gene that results in aganglionic megacolon associated with coat color spotting, resembling a hereditary syndrome of mice, humans, and other mammalian species.(More)
CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), a member of the ABC (ATP-binding cassette) superfamily of membrane proteins, possesses two NBDs (nucleotide-binding domains) in addition to two MSDs (membrane spanning domains) and the regulatory 'R' domain. The two NBDs of CFTR have been modelled as a heterodimer, stabilized by ATP binding at two(More)
N-Glycosylation of eukaryotic membrane proteins is a co-translational event that occurs in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This process is catalyzed by a membrane-associated oligosaccharyl transferase (OST) complex that transfers a preformed oligosaccharide (Glc(3)Man(9)GlcNAc(2)-) to an asparagine (Asn) side-chain acceptor located within the(More)
Human AE1 (anion exchanger 1) is a membrane glycoprotein found in erythrocytes and as a truncated form (kAE1) in the BLM (basolateral membrane) of a-intercalated cells of the distal nephron, where they carry out electroneutral chloride/bicarbonate exchange. SAO (Southeast Asian ovalocytosis) is a dominant inherited haematological condition arising from(More)
Human AE1 (anion exchanger 1), or Band 3, is an abundant membrane glycoprotein found in the plasma membrane of erythrocytes. The physiological role of the protein is to carry out chloride/bicarbonate exchange across the plasma membrane, a process that increases the carbon-dioxide-carrying capacity of blood. To study the topology of TMs (transmembrane(More)
Anion exchanger 1 (AE1, or Band 3) is an integral membrane glycoprotein found in erythrocytes, responsible for the electroneutral exchange of chloride and bicarbonate ions across the plasma membrane. Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO) results from a nine-amino acid deletion in the first transmembrane segment (TM) of the AE1 protein that abolishes its(More)
Phosphorylation of many secreted salivary proteins is necessary for their biological functions. Identification of the kinase, which is responsible for in vivo phosphorylation, is complicated, because several of the protein phosphorylation sites conform both to the recognition sequence of casein kinase 2 (CK2) and Golgi kinase (G-CK), which both are found in(More)
Understanding the structural basis for defects in protein function that underlie protein-based genetic diseases is the fundamental requirement for development of therapies. This situation is epitomized by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-the gene product known to be defective in CF patients-that appears particularly susceptible(More)
AE1 (anion exchanger 1) is a glycoprotein found in the plasma membrane of erythrocytes, where it mediates the electroneutral exchange of chloride and bicarbonate, a process important in CO2 removal from tissues. It had been previously shown that human AE1 purified from erythrocytes is covalently modified at Cys-843 in the membrane domain with palmitic acid.(More)
CFTR is a member of the ABC (ATP binding cassette) superfamily of transporters. It is a multidomain membrane protein, which utilizes ATP to regulate the flux of its substrate through the membrane. CFTR is distinct in that it functions as a channel and it possesses a unique regulatory R domain. There has been significant progress in understanding the(More)