Joanne Bird

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
  • Joanne Bird
  • Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great…
  • 2003
BACKGROUND Although pain measurement tools have been available for a number of years their reliability and validity cannot be presumed because none holds psychometric stability in every environment. To select the most appropriate tool for an individual patient, nurses need to be aware of those available and their limitations. This article discusses the use(More)
AIM To explore the impact of renal cancer treatment on patients' quality of life. BACKGROUND Renal cancer accounts for 95,000 deaths worldwide and its incidence rate is rising. At present there are several therapeutic approaches to the treatment of renal cancer, ranging through surgery, immunological therapies and vaccine treatment. Each of these(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To explore the patients' experience of having malignant melanoma, their related support needs and the processes that lead to these needs being met. BACKGROUND The number of patients attending surveillance clinics after a diagnosis of malignant melanoma is increasing. In the UK specialist nurses provide support to patients, but little(More)
  • 1