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Radial glia are among the first cells that develop in the embryonic central nervous system. They are progenitors of glia and neurons but their relationship with restricted precursors that are also derived from neuroepithelia is unclear. To clarify this issue, we analyzed expression of cell type specific markers (BLBP for radial glia, 5A5/E-NCAM for neuronal(More)
The cell adhesion molecule neurofascin (NF) has a major neuronal isoform (NF186) containing a mucin-like domain followed by a fifth fibronectin type III repeat while these domains are absent from glial NF155. Neuronal NF isoforms lacking one or both of these domains are expressed transiently in embryonic dorsal root ganglia (DRG). These two domains are(More)
Cell adhesion molecules, such as neuronal cell adhesion molecule (Nr-CAM), mediate cell-cell interactions in both the developing and mature nervous system. Neuronal cell adhesion molecule is believed to play a critical role in cell adhesion and migration, axonal growth, guidance, target recognition and synapse formation. Here, wild-type, heterozygous and(More)
The structurally related cell adhesion molecules L1 and Nr-CAM have overlapping expression patterns in cerebellar granule cells. Here we analyzed their involvement in granule cell development using mutant mice. Nr-CAM-deficient cerebellar granule cells failed to extend neurites in vitro on contactin, a known ligand for Nr-CAM expressed in the cerebellum,(More)
The distribution, supramolecular form, and arrangement of collagen types I and V in the chicken embryo corneal stroma were studied using electron microscopy, collagen type-specific monoclonal antibodies, and a preembedding immunogold method. Double-label immunoelectron microscopy with colloidal gold-tagged monoclonal antibodies was used to simultaneously(More)
Neurofascin (NF) is a neural cell adhesion molecule in the L1-family containing six Ig domains and multiple fibronectin type III (FnIII) repeats in its extracellular region. NF has many splicing variants and two of these are exemplars that have different cellular patterns of expression during development. NF186, which is expressed on neurons, contains an(More)
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC), which normally associate closely with but do not myelinate axons in situ, myelinate axons in the adult mammalian spinal cord. They are of clinical interest as candidate cells for autologous transplantation but the ability of OEC to myelinate axons in vitro has been controversial. To clarify this issue, we isolated OEC from(More)
RhoA is a key regulator of the actin cytoskeleton that is upregulated after spinal cord injury (SCI). We analyzed different methods for siRNA delivery and developed siRNAs targeting RhoA (siRhoA) for SCI treatment. Cy 3.5-labeled siRNA delivered at the time of SCI yielded fluorescence in several cell types in the injury site. Intraspinal injections of(More)
The Ig cell adhesion molecules (CAM) neurofascin (NF) and Nr-CAM are localized at developing nodes of Ranvier in peripheral myelinated axons prior to clustering of Na+ channels. Different isoforms of NF are expressed on neurons and glia, and NF binding on both cells has been suggested to play roles in node and paranode formation. To clarify the role of NF(More)
1. R2 and LPl1 are homologous giant cholinergic neurons in the nervous system of Aplysia with overlapping and almost symmetrical axonal trees extending over most of the body wall. In spite of much experimental study, the behavioral role of the cells has remained unknown. 2. After intrasomatic injection of R2 and LPl1 with horseradish peroxidase (HRP), the(More)