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Although extensive evidence obtained in animals and in vitro supports the existence of an alpha-receptor-mediated inhibitory regulation of norepinephrine release, the importance of such a system in man is not established. Norepinephrine release was physiologically stimulated by change of posture and dynamic exercise in subjects while they were infused with(More)
Doppler ultrasound can be used to measure cardiac output (CO). Intraoperative Doppler cardiac output (DCO) by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been studied using blood flow velocity from the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), the mitral valve (MV), and the main pulmonary artery (MPA). The purpose of this study was to compare DCO, measured from(More)
The possibility that clonidine might exert some of its effects via opiate or histamine H2 receptors has been suggested from observations in animals and man. We undertook a double-blind, randomized study in six normal subjects, comparing the effects of 0.2 mg intravenous clonidine after pretreatment with 300 mg cimetidine, 0.8 mg naloxone, and saline. There(More)
There have been several reports of anaphylactoid reactions to the intravenous anaesthetic drugs Althesin (alphaxalone and alphadolone) and propanidid (Epontol).' The culprit in some of these reactions may have been Cremophor EL, a surfactant common to both drug formulations. Cremophor EL is produced by the epoxylation of castor oil and is actually a complex(More)
Patients with pancreas divisum may develop pancreatitis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the gold standard for diagnosing pancreas divisum. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a non-invasive test reported to be highly accurate in diagnosing pancreas divisum. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of MRCP in detecting(More)
The effects of 100 mg indomethacin daily for three weeks on blood pressure and urinary excretion of prostaglandin F2 alpha were studied in a double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison of two groups of patients with essential hypertension, eight receiving propranolol and seven thiazide diuretics. Compared with placebo, adding indomethacin to the patients'(More)
Plasma histamine levels were determined in 41 patients, 1.5 and 4 minutes after the intravenous administration of 0.6 mg/kg of atracurium. Clinical features of histamine release were sought at the time of blood sampling. Sixteen patients had elevation of plasma histamine 2.6 (SD 1.2) ng/ml 1.5 minutes after the injection of atracurium. Plasma histamine had(More)