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Oxidative stress leads to lipid peroxidation and may contribute to the pathogenesis of lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory as well as degenerative phenomena. Isoprostanes are prostaglandin-like compounds which are formed by free radical catalysed peroxidation of arachidonic acid esterified in membrane(More)
The oxidative stress induced by acute exertion may interfere with blood platelet activation. The beneficial effect of L-carnitine (gamma-trimethylamino-beta-hydroxybutyric acid) on oxidative stress in blood platelets has not been fully investigated; however, different studies indicate that this compound modulates platelet functions. The aim of our study was(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membranes of the walls of gramnegative bacteria that protects bacterial cells against antibacterial agents. LPS is the heteropolimer consisting of two parts: the hydrophobic lipid A and hydrophilic polisaccharide. After lysis of bacterial cells LPS is released into the circulation and it is able(More)
OBJECTIVES Oxidative stress (OS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). In MS patients depression is often observed. Cryotherapy might have an effect on OS. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of whole body cryotherapy (WBCT) on changes in total antioxidative status (TAS) of plasma and activities of(More)
Resveratrol (3, 4', 5-trihydroxystilbene), a natural polyphenol, is found in some plants that are used in human nutrition. Grapes are a major source for resveratrol, and a significant amount can also be found in red wine. Several experimental studies have demonstrated biological properties of resveratrol, especially its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant,(More)
The antioxidative activity of the polysaccharide extract from Conyza canadensis in blood platelets treated with peroxynitrite (ONOO-) was studied. Peroxynitrite as a strong biological oxidant has toxic effects on blood platelets and induces the oxidation of thiols, carbonylation and nitration of platelet proteins and lipid peroxidation. Therefore, the aim(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Peroxynitrite (ONOO-), a highly reactive species, modulates platelet activation and function. Modifications of platelet proteins induced by ONOO- may be an important factor in the pathogenesis of platelet-related diseases. The defence mechanisms against ONOO- are therefore crucial for normal cellular function. Recently, there has been an(More)
OBJECTIVE L-Carnitine as a dietary supplement has been reported to have a beneficial effect on several cardiovascular risk parameters and exercise capacity, but the biological relevance of its activity is poorly understood. Dietary supplements (including L-carnitine) are often used to foster exercise performance; however, these may affect some pathways of(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria may activate blood platelets. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of different forms of Proteus mirabilis LPS and isolated lipid A and polysaccharide part on the production of superoxide radicals in blood platelets and to estimate the role(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) is a well-known causative agent of septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The action of LPS is related to the activation of many types of cells, including blood platelets. We examined the effects of different LPSs from Proteus mirabilis (smooth form LPS S1959 and rough forms LPSs R110 and R45) and(More)