Joanna S. Remack

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High-level expression of the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) correlates with cellular resistance to the chloroethylnitrosourea (CENU) class of alkylating agents. Consequently, tumors expressing low levels of MGMT are sensitive to CENU chemotherapy, and any mechanism that can be used to reduce MGMT levels could sensitize(More)
Neural stem cells and progenitor cells migrate selectively to tumor loci in vivo. We exploited the tumor-tropic properties of HB1.F3.C1 cells, an immortalized cell line derived from human fetal telencephalon, to deliver the cDNA encoding a secreted form of rabbit carboxylesterase (rCE) to disseminated neuroblastoma tumors in mice. This enzyme activates the(More)
To investigate the interaction of the electrophilic species generated by the decomposition of the antineoplastic prodrug 1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-(2-chloroethyl)-2-[(methylamino)carbonyl]hydrazine (VNP40101M) on the ability of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) to repair alkylated O6-chloroethylguanine and/or N1,O6-ethanoguanine DNA lesions. The(More)
The enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) protects cells from the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects of alkylating agents. Approximately 20% of tumor cell lines lack MGMT activity and are highly sensitive to alkylating agents. In established cancer cell lines, MGMT expression appears to be correlated with methylation of residues in both the(More)
BACKGROUND Patients diagnosed with metastatic cancer have almost uniformly poor prognoses. The treatments available for patients with disseminated disease are usually not curative and have side effects that limit the therapy that can be given. A treatment that is selectively toxic to tumors would maximize the beneficial effects of therapy and minimize side(More)
A synthetic oligonucleotide containing ribozyme sequences targeted to the 5' region of the human O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) mRNA has been constructed. This ribozyme demonstrates cleavage activity in vitro in the presence of Mg2+. To determine whether this ribozyme can function in vivo, HeLa CCL2 cells were transfected with a mammalian(More)
The DNA repair enzyme, O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is responsible for repair of damage induced by alkylating agents that produce adducts at O6-guanine in DNA. Although the MGMT gene promoter has housekeeping gene promoter characteristics, unlike these genes which are expressed at a constant level, MGMT transcriptional activity varies(More)
VNP40101M (1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-(2-chloroethyl)-2-[(methylamino)carbonyl]hydrazine) is a sulfonylhydrazine prodrug that possesses broad spectrum antitumor efficacy in murine models. VNP40101M activation generates chloroethylating species that alkylate DNA at the O6-position of guanine, and a carbamoylating agent, methyl isocyanate, which inhibits(More)
O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), an enzyme that repairs adducts at O6 of guanine in DNA, is a major determinant of susceptibility to simple methylating carcinogens or of tumor response to anticancer chloroethylating drugs. To investigate the mechanisms underlying cellular expression of this DNA repair enzyme, we focused on the role of a 59-bp(More)
The actin cytoskeleton is a primary determinant of tumor cell motility and metastatic potential. Motility and metastasis are thought to be regulated, in large part, by the interaction of membrane proteins with cytoplasmic linker proteins and of these linker proteins, in turn, with actin. However, complete membrane-to-actin linkages have been difficult to(More)