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Il-1 and Il-2 production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells was studied in 10 patients with SSPE and 15 patients in the acute stage of MS. Both SSPE and MS cells in vitro released spontaneously high amounts of Il-1, and could not be further stimulated to synthesis of Il-1 by latex. The Il-2 production was decreased in both processes but in MS after the(More)
The aim of our study was to estimate the costs of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Poland according to severity of disease. Total, direct and indirect costs were compared in 148 patients divided into three groups categorized by disease severity: stage I Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS <3.5), stage II (EDSS 4.0-6.0) and stage III (EDSS >6.5). Cost(More)
Due to its natural properties, Trichoderma reesei is commonly used in industry-scale production of secretory proteins. Since almost all secreted proteins are O-glycosylated, modulation of the activity of enzymes of the O-glycosylation pathway are likely to affect protein production and secretion or change the glycosylation pattern of the secreted proteins,(More)
Expression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae DPM1 gene (coding for dolichylphosphate mannose synthase) in Trichoderma reesei (Hypocrea jecorina) increases the intensity of protein glycosylation and secretion and causes ultrastructural changes in the fungal cell wall. In the present work, we undertook further biochemical and morphological characterization of(More)
In fungi transfer of the first mannosyl residue to proteins during their O-glycosylation is catalyzed by protein O-mannosyltransferases encoded by pmt genes. Disruption of the pmt1 gene in Trichoderma caused a significant decrease in the total activity of protein O-mannosyltransferases. Moreover, disruption of the pmt1 gene also led to osmotic sensitivity(More)
O-glycosylation has been considered a limiting factor in protein secretion in filamentous fungi. Overexpression of the yeast DPM1 gene encoding dolichylphosphate mannose synthase (DPMS) in an Aspergillus nidulans mutant (BWB26A) deficient in O-glycosylation caused an increase in the number of secretory vesicles and changes in protein secretion. However, the(More)
The study was taken up to compare the effect of treatment with ganglioside GM1 (Sygen, FIDIA-Italy) and typical treatment in the course of the disease. The study included 98 patients aged 40-82 in good or moderately good physical condition, with the ischaemic stroke confirmed by CT scan, in early stage of stroke (within 48 hours after onset). Patients with(More)
The study confirming the presence of oligoclonal IgG in cerebrospinal fluid by isoelectric focusing (IEF) with PhastSystem equipment was carried out in 68 patients with clinically definite MS, in 23 with clinically probable MS and in 23 with other neurological diseases. Other indicators intrathecal synthesis of IgG were olso marked. According to the results(More)
TNF alpha production by peripheral blood monocytes was studied in seventeen patients with a recent exacerbation of MS, thirteen with remission of MS and fourteen patients with SSPE. Monocytes from both MS groups spontaneously secreted high amounts of TNF alpha in vitro. Addition of lipopolisaccharide could not stimulate further synthesis of TNF alpha. In(More)
Two patients are described with large intracranial arteriovenous angioma with minimal neurological symptoms. The first patient suffered from repeated right fronto-temporal headache. Migraine was diagnosed and he was treated with analgesic drugs. We carried out scintigraphic investigation and computerized tomography of the brain. The results of these(More)