Joanna S Humphreys

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Studies on a series of benzoquinazoline folate analogues as inhibitors of human thymidylate synthase led to the selection of 1843U89 for further evaluation. This compound had a Ki of 90 pM versus human thymidylate synthase and was noncompetitive with (6R,S)-5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate. It was a good substrate for the addition of the second glutamate by(More)
Previous work by Browning et al. (Browning, K. S., Lax, S. R., Humphreys, J., Ravel, J. M., Jobling, S. A., and Gehrke, L. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 9630-9634) indicated that wheat germ extracts do not contain sufficient amounts of some of the protein synthesis initiation factors to obtain optimal translation of all mRNAs. In this investigation, a(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase requires Mg2+ or Mn2+, and its activity in the presence of Mg2+ is markedly stimulated by Ca2+. At saturating Mg2+ and Ca2+ concentrations, the polyamines spermine, spermidine and putrescine stimulated the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase 1.5- to 3-fold. Spermine was the most active of the polyamines. At a(More)
The efficiency of translation of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) RNA 4, barley alpha-amylase (B alpha A) mRNA, and two chimeric mRNAs, AMV 4-B alpha A and B alpha A-AMV 4 (in which the 5' leader sequences of the two mRNAs were interchanged), was measured in an S30 extract from wheat germ and a fractionated system from wheat germ in which translation could be(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To provide reference data on sleep duration throughout childhood and explore the demographic characteristics associated with sleep. DESIGN Population-based prospective longitudinal birth-cohort study. SETTING South-West England, children born in 1991-1992 and followed since birth. PARTICIPANTS Eleven thousand five hundred children(More)
Antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT) has the potential of greatly enhancing antitumor selectivity of cancer therapy by synthesizing chemotherapeutic agents selectively at tumor sites. This therapy is based upon targeting a prodrug-activating enzyme to a tumor by attaching the enzyme to a tumor-selective antibody and dosing the enzyme-antibody(More)
A heat- and acid-stable protein inhibitor of the [branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase]-phosphatase was purified over 100,000-fold from extracts of bovine kidney mitochondria. The nearly homogeneous protein was recovered with a yield of 4-8%. The apparent molecular weight of the inhibitor is about 36,000. This protein is a noncompetitive inhibitor(More)
A chemically defined, protein-free medium (designated CFBI 1000, where CFBI = Clayton Foundation Biochemical Institute) that supports human peripheral lymphocyte proliferation has been developed. This medium allows exploration of individual metabolic differences by varying the medium composition as well as providing a base to explore further the mechanisms(More)
Associations between sleep duration and disturbance in infancy and early childhood and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnoses were investigated. Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a population-based prospective longitudinal birth-cohort study of children born in 1991-1992 in South-West England, were employed. Eight(More)