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Accurate assessment of kidney function is an important component of determining appropriate drug dosing regimens. Nearly all manufacturer-recommended dosage adjustments are based on creatinine clearance ranges derived from clinical pharmacokinetic studies performed during the drug development process. The Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation provides an estimate(More)
The clearance of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) in patients with renal insufficiency has not been characterized previously. The authors describe the clinical course and the pharmacokinetics of 2-CdA in a child with acute monoblastic leukemia who experienced acute renal failure during treatment with cytarabine and 2-CdA. 2-CdA (9 mg/m per day) was infused(More)
BACKGROUND Availability of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has improved the treatment of anemia due to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Iron deficiency is the most common cause of resistance to rHuEPO therapy, contributing to ineffective erythropoiesis and hematocrit/hemoglobin values below the recommended target range (33%-36%/11-12 g/dL). I.v. iron(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Assessment of kidney function is necessary to stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) and appropriately dose medications. The Cockcroft-Gault equation provides an estimate of creatinine clearance (eClCr) and is the method commonly referenced in pharmacokinetic studies. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and CKD-Epidemiology(More)
BACKGROUND Due to high rates of resistance and a limited number of efficacious antimicrobials for vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE), appropriate antibiotic selection is vital to treatment success. The purpose of this study was to assess clinical and microbiologic outcomes associated with the use of linezolid or daptomycin in the treatment of VRE(More)
Advances in hemodialysis (HD) techniques have increased the potential for drug removal. Quantifying drug clearance in clinical studies for all possible dialysis conditions is impractical, given the variability in dialysis conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the dialysis clearance (CL(D)) of vancomycin and gentamicin using in vitro and in(More)
The assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with liver disease is necessary to make decisions about organ allocation. Creatinine is widely used as a marker of GFR; however, it is not reliable in patients with liver disease. The aims of this study were to (1) determine if iodine 125-labeled iothalamate ((125)I-iothalamate) clearance(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Methods for assessing glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are controversial in obese individuals. This study compared clinical estimates of GFR in African Americans (AA) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) overall and by body mass index (BMI). METHODS The estimated GFR was determined in AA with CKD using (1) the 4-variable Modification of Diet(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, and safety profile of lanthanum carbonate, a phosphate binder for chronic kidney disease (CKD). DATA SOURCES Information was selected from PubMed (1965-October 2005). All studies presented as scientific posters and abstracts from nephrology meetings from 1999 to 2005 were also(More)