Joanna M. Williams

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The canonical view of the maintenance of long-term potentiation (LTP), a widely accepted experimental model for memory processes, is that new gene transcription contributes to its consolidation; however, the gene networks involved are unknown. To address this issue, we have used high-density Rat 230.2 Affymetrix arrays to establish a set of genes induced(More)
Memory is fundamentally important to everyday life, and memory loss has devastating consequences to individuals and society. Understanding the neurophysiological and cellular basis of memory paves the way for gaining insights into the molecular steps involved in memory formation, thereby revealing potential therapeutic targets for neurological diseases. For(More)
The properties of long-term potentiation (LTP) mirror those of associative memory in a number of interesting ways. Although plasticity at monosynaptic connections is not expected to account for the varied subtle characteristics of distributed memories, nonetheless it is important to establish how far the parallels can be drawn. Here, we briefly address(More)
Despite a wealth of evidence in vitro that AMPA receptors are inserted into the postsynaptic membrane during long-term potentiation (LTP), it remains unclear whether this occurs in vivo at physiological concentrations of receptors. To address the issue of whether native AMPA or NMDA receptors undergo such trafficking during LTP in the adult brain, we(More)
Activation of Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in rat hippocampus induces a form of long-term depression (LTD) that is dependent on protein synthesis. However, the intracellular mechanisms leading to the initiation of protein synthesis and expression of LTD after mGluR activation are only partially understood. We investigated the role of(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) is widely accepted as a cellular mechanism underlying memory processes. It is well established that LTP persistence is strongly dependent on activation of constitutive and inducible transcription factors, but there is limited information regarding the downstream gene networks and controlling elements that coalesce to stabilise(More)
Activation of dopamine D1/D5 receptors (D1/D5Rs) in area CA1 of the rat hippocampus modulates the expression of synaptic plasticity in a manner that is dependent on the timing of the D1/D5R activation. Here, we measured field EPSPs in rat hippocampal slices to examine the modulation of long-term depression (LTD) in CA1 by D1/D5Rs when activated immediately(More)
Coordinated regulation of gene expression is essential for consolidation of the memory mechanism, long-term potentiation (LTP). Triggering of LTP by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activation rapidly activates constitutive and inducible transcription factors, which promote expression of genes responsible for LTP maintenance. As microRNA (miRNA)(More)
Group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists increase the excitability of hippocampal CAl pyramidal neurons via depression of the postspike afterhyperpolarization. In adult rats, this is mediated by both mGluR1 and -5, but the signal transduction processes involved are unknown. In this study, we investigated whether altered levels of tyrosine(More)
Differential processing of the amyloid precursor protein liberates either amyloid-ß, a causative agent of Alzheimer’s disease, or secreted amyloid precursor protein-alpha (sAPPα), which promotes neuroprotection, neurotrophism, neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity. The underlying molecular mechanisms recruited by sAPPα that underpin these considerable(More)