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Low serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D3) is known to perturb cellular function in many tissues, including the endocrine pancreas, which are involved in obesity and type II diabetes mellitus (TIIDM). Vitamin D3 insufficiency has been linked to obesity, whether obesity is assessed by body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (waist). Central obesity,(More)
Objectives The aim of this project was to evaluate the perceptions, knowledge and attitudes regarding generic medicines. Methods A cross-sectional study, with self administered questionnaires, was conducted to survey consumers visiting pharmacies in four regions of Auckland (North Shore, Waitakere, Central Auckland and South Auckland). Through stratified(More)
BACKGROUND Generic medicines are commonly used in New Zealand; however, Pharmaceutical Management Agency of New Zealand (PHARMAC) has indicated a need for better information to the public. Studies on consumers' perceptions suggest that pharmacists play an important role in consumers' choice; hence, "quality use of generic medicines" can be promoted with a(More)
A nationwide strategy to control a group B meningococcal disease epidemic in New Zealand using an epidemic strain-specific vaccine (MeNZB ) commenced in 2004. In the absence of randomised controlled trials investigating the efficacy of this particular vaccine, a complement of observational methods are planned to evaluate the post-licensure effectiveness of(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to better understand the causes and treatments of mucoid discharge associated with prosthetic eye wear by reviewing the literature and surveying anophthalmic patients. METHODS An anonymous questionnaire was completed by 429 prosthetic eye wearers who used visual analog scales to self-measure their discharge experience for four(More)
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS To estimate the prevalence of risky drinking among customers in community pharmacies and to explore customer attitudes towards screening and brief intervention (SBI). DESIGN AND METHODS Cross-sectional, anonymous survey, using random selection of community pharmacies in New Zealand to collect data using self-completion questionnaires(More)
The New Zealand Meningococcal Vaccine Strategy aims to end the devastating 14-year epidemic of B:4:P1.7b,4 group B meningococcal disease in New Zealand through a mass immunisation programme to all under 20 year olds using a tailor-made vaccine (MeNZB). This paper describes the scientific rationale, development, and key components of the New Zealand(More)
AIM To investigate simultaneous outbreaks of Shigella sonnei gastroenteritis occurring in February 2001 at a health camp for socially deprived children and an elderly care facility. METHODS Those with symptoms were interviewed using a standardised questionnaire. Cases were defined as having at least three loose stools over a 24 hour period and stool(More)
One hundred cases of retinoblastoma were diagnosed in New Zealand-born children between 1948 and 1977 inclusive. Five patients had an affected parent, and of the remaining sporadic cases 25 had bilateral and 70 unilateral tumours. The frequency of retinoblastoma, 1 in 17,500 births, was similar to that reported for most other countries. There was no(More)