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Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) is known to play an important role in osteoclast formation. However, its actions on mature cells have not been fully characterized. We now report that M-CSF dramatically stimulates osteoclastic motility and spreading; osteoclasts responded to a gradient of M-CSF with orientation, and random cell polarization(More)
Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing cells derived from haematopoietic precursors of the monocyte-macrophage lineage. Mice lacking Fos (encoding c-Fos) develop osteopetrosis due to an early differentiation block in the osteoclast lineage. c-Fos is a component of the dimeric transcription factor activator protein-1 (Ap-1), which is composed mainly of Fos (c-Fos,(More)
The op/op mouse, in which the M-CSF gene is mutated, has greatly reduced numbers of macrophages and osteoclasts. We assessed the ability of M-CSF to induce osteoclast and macrophage formation in op/op hemopoietic cells in vitro. Osteoclast production was undetectable in op/op cell cultures, but was restored by M-CSF at concentrations approximately an order(More)
We have established by differential display polymerase chain reaction of mRNA that interleukin (IL)-18 is expressed by osteoblastic stromal cells. The stromal cell populations used for comparison differed in their ability to promote osteoclast-like multinucleated cell (OCL) formation. mRNA for IL-18 was found to be expressed in greater abundance in lines(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) stimulates the growth, motility and morphogenesis of a variety of cell types, including hemopoietic progenitors. We found that HGF is a potent inhibitor of bone resorption by isolated rat osteoclasts. However, in the presence of the osteoblastic cell line UMR 106, it stimulated osteoclastic resorption. HGF also increased(More)
The development of osteoclastic cell lines would greatly facilitate analysis of the cellular and molecular biology of bone resorption. Several cell lines have previously been reported to be capable of osteoclastic differentiation. However, such cell lines form at best only occasional excavations, suggesting that osteoclastic differentiation is either(More)
IL-10, originally described as a cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor produced by T cells, has recently been found to suppress osteoblastic differentiation in mouse bone marrow cultures. Since osteoblastic cells exert a major influence on the production and regulation of osteoclasts, the cells that resorb bone, this suggests that the cytokine might play a(More)
Rat reticulocytes contain a cytosol activator protein (RCAP) that augments catecholamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity in reticulocyte membranes. A highly purified preparation of RCAP, obtained by Sephacryl S-200 chromatography, was used to elucidate further its mechanism of action. The specific activity of the S-200 fraction to augment isoproterenol(More)
Cells of the osteoblastic lineage play a major role in the regulation of osteoclastic bone resorption. Recent studies have demonstrated production of chemokines by osteoblastic cells. Although these phagocyte-stimulating and proinflammatory cytokines act as chemoattractants and activators for other members of the hemopoietic lineage, their actions on(More)