Joanna M Grzyb

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In this study, we have examined the influence of different lipids on the solubility of the xanthophyll cycle pigments diadinoxanthin (Ddx) and violaxanthin (Vx) and on the efficiency of Ddx and Vx de-epoxidation by the enzymes Vx de-epoxidase (VDE) from wheat and Ddx de-epoxidase (DDE) from the diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana, respectively. Our results show(More)
Lipocalins are a widely distributed group of proteins whose common feature is the presence of six-or eight-stranded beta-barrel in their tertiary structure and highly conservative motifs short conserved region, (SCR) in their amino acid sequences. The presence of three SCRs is typical for kernel lipocalins, while outlier lipocalins have only one or two such(More)
The light-dependent, cyclic changes of xanthophyll pigments: violaxanthin, antheraxanthin and zeaxanthin, called the xanthophyll cycle, have been known for about fifty years. This process was characterised for higher plants, several fern and moss species and in some algal groups. Two enzymes, violaxanthin de-epoxidase (VDE) and zeaxanthin epoxidase (ZE),(More)
In the present study, the solubility and enzymatic de-epoxidation of diadinoxanthin (Ddx) was investigated in three different artificial membrane systems: (1) Unilamellar liposomes composed of different concentrations of the bilayer forming lipid phosphatidylcholine (PC) and the inverted hexagonal phase (H(II) phase) forming lipid(More)
The effects of Fe(3+) and Fe(2+) on molecular models of biomembranes were investigated. These consisted of bilayers of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and of dimyristoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DMPE), classes of phospholipids located in the outer and inner moieties of cell membranes, respectively. X-ray studies showed that very low concentrations of(More)
Prolamellar bodies (PLBs) isolated from etiolated wheat seedlings were studied with the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and fluorescence spectroscopy. With AFM, PLBs were seen as spherical structures about 1-2μm in diameter, more elastic than mica and poly-l-lysine substrate. TEM analyses confirmed that PLBs of(More)
The ferredoxin:NADP+ oxidoreductase (FNR) is a plant enzyme, catalyzing the last step of photosynthetic linear electron transport, and involved also in cyclic electron transport around photosystem I. In this study we present the first evidence of FNR (isolated from spinach and from wheat) interaction directly with a model membrane without the mediation of(More)
In the present studies, we have found a fragment of amino acid sequence, called TFT motif, both in light-dependent protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (LPOR) and in the L subunit of dark-operative (light-independent) protochlorophyllide oxidoreductases (DPOR). Amino acid residues of this motif shared similar physicochemical properties in both types of the(More)
Ferredoxin:NADP+ oxidoreductase is an enzyme associated with the stromal side of the thylakoid membrane in the chloroplast. It is involved in photosynthetic linear electron transport to produce NADPH and is supposed to play a role in cyclic electron transfer, generating a transmembrane pH gradient allowing ATP production, if photosystem II is non-functional(More)
Using a 'metal-first' approach, we computationally designed, prepared, and characterized a four-iron four-sulfur (Fe(4)S(4)) cluster protein with a non-natural alpha-helical coiled-coil fold. The novelty of this fold lies in the placement of a Fe(4)S(4) cluster within the hydrophobic core of a four-helix bundle, making it unique among previous iron-sulfur(More)