Joanna M. Black

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BACKGROUND Occlusion therapy for amblyopia is predicated on the idea that amblyopia is primarily a disorder of monocular vision; however, there is growing evidence that patients with amblyopia have a structurally intact binocular visual system that is rendered functionally monocular due to suppression. Furthermore, we have found that a dichoptic treatment(More)
Cortical bone, at the osteonal level, consists of three phases: mineral, organic, and pore or void phases. In osteonal segments excised from mature human cortical bone, organic volume percent is a constant. Determination of the mineral and organic phase densities present in these segments has led to defining a simple relationship between percent(More)
Amblyopia is a neurodevelopmental disorder of the visual system that is associated with disrupted binocular vision during early childhood. There is evidence that the effects of amblyopia extend beyond the primary visual cortex to regions of the dorsal and ventral extra-striate visual cortex involved in visual integration. Here, we review the current(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the distribution of naturally occurring myopia in Labrador Retrievers has a genetic component. METHODS Pedigree records of a large canine family were analyzed. Pure Labrador Retrievers, 1 to 8 years of age, free of ocular disease, and available for testing were studied. Refractive error was measured by cycloplegic retinoscopy(More)
Amblyopia, a developmental disorder of the visual cortex, is one of the leading causes of visual dysfunction in the working age population. Current estimates put the prevalence of amblyopia at approximately 1-3%(1-3), the majority of cases being monocular(2). Amblyopia is most frequently caused by ocular misalignment (strabismus), blur induced by unequal(More)
PURPOSE Individuals with alternating fixation due to strabismus have often been considered prime examples of monocular visual function. A growing body of evidence suggests, however, that, at least in the case of a fixed-angle strabismus, excitatory binocular function is possible in the strabismic visual cortex if interocular suppression is taken into(More)
OBJECTIVE This report describes the pilot testing of an educational intervention to manage acute pain associated with wound care in an outpatient clinic. The intervention included essential elements of pain education identified in the acute pain literature: provision of information; pain measurement; establishing expectations; treatment planning; teaching(More)
The purpose of this study was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the response of the visual cortex to unilateral primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Specifically, we assessed whether regions of V1 and V2 with lost input from the glaucomatous eye had a greater response to input from the nonaffected fellow eye. Nine(More)