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The effects of garcinol and guttiferone K, two polyisoprenylated benzophenones occurring a food plant called Garcinia cambogia, on oxidative/nitrative protein damage (determined by parameters such as levels of protein carbonyl groups and nitrotyrosine residues) in human blood platelets and plasma after treatment with peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) were studied in(More)
The protective effects of resveratrol (3, 4', 5-trihydroxystilbene; present naturally in different plants) against the oxidative/nitrative damage of human plasma proteins induced by peroxynitrite (ONOO-) were studied and compared with those of deferoxamine (DFO; a natural siderophore isolated from Streptomyces pilosus), which is a typical and well-known(More)
Based on previous studies suggesting that fibrinogen (Fg) might be a potential target for peroxynitrite (PN) action in plasma, we investigated the effects of PN on structure and hemostatic function of Fg in vitro. Using fluorescence and spectrophotometric methods, we estimated that about 0.5, 2 and 8 tyrosine residues per molecule were nitrated following(More)
Elevated concentration of homocysteine (Hcy) in human tissues, definied as hyperhomocysteinemia has been correlated with some diseases, such as cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, and kidney disorders. Homocysteine occurs in human blood plasma in several forms, including the most reactive one, the homocysteine thiolactone (HTL) - a cyclic thioester, which(More)
Numerous plants (including clovers) have been widely used in folk medicine for the treatment of different disorders. This in vitro study was designed to examine the antioxidative effects of the clovamide-rich fraction, obtained from aerial parts of Trifolium pallidum, in the protection of blood platelets and plasma against the nitrative and oxidative(More)
The antioxidative activity of the polysaccharide extract from Conyza canadensis in blood platelets treated with peroxynitrite (ONOO-) was studied. Peroxynitrite as a strong biological oxidant has toxic effects on blood platelets and induces the oxidation of thiols, carbonylation and nitration of platelet proteins and lipid peroxidation. Therefore, the aim(More)
The present in vitro study was designed to examine the antioxidative activity of red cabbage anthocyanins (ATH) in the protection of blood plasma proteins and lipids against damage induced by oxidative stress. Fresh leaves of red cabbage were extracted with a mixture of methanol/distilled water/0.01% HCl (MeOH/H2O/HCl, 50/50/1, v/v/w). Total ATH(More)
OBJECTIVE L-Carnitine as a dietary supplement has been reported to have a beneficial effect on several cardiovascular risk parameters and exercise capacity, but the biological relevance of its activity is poorly understood. Dietary supplements (including L-carnitine) are often used to foster exercise performance; however, these may affect some pathways of(More)