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To determine the effects of exercise with expiratory flow-limitation (EFL) on systemic O(2) delivery, seven normal subjects performed incremental exercise with and without EFL at approximately 0.8 l s(-1) (imposed by a Starling resistor in the expiratory line) to determine maximal power output under control (W'(max,c)) and EFL (W'(max,e)) conditions.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this multicenter, multinational, prospective, observational study was to assess the relative value of myocardial viability and induced ischemia early after uncomplicated myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND Dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography allows evaluation of rest function (at baseline), myocardial viability (at low dose)(More)
BACKGROUND Residual viable myocardium identified by dobutamine stress after myocardial infarction may act as an unstable substrate for further events such as subsequent angina and reinfarction. However, in patients with severe global left ventricular dysfunction, viability might be protective rather than detrimental. The aim of this study was to assess the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to compare, head to head, the two most popular pharmacologic stress echocardiographic tests--dipyridamole and dobutamine--with state of the art protocols in a large multicenter prospective study. BACKGROUND In the continuing quest for ideal diagnostic accuracy, pharmacologic stress echocardiography has quickly moved over the(More)
The inter- and intraobserver variability, as well as the relation to left ventricular (LV) function indexes, of LV wall motion score calculated using the 16- and 11-segment models of LV segmentation were assessed in 105 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were examined at 36 +/- 7 hours from onset of symptoms. In these patients, the use of the(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess whether the site of future myocardial infarction can be predicted on the basis of induced dyssynergy ("area at risk") recognized by stress echocardiography. BACKGROUND The severity and extent of stress-induced dyssynergy are strong predictors of subsequent major cardiac events. However, high grade stenotic lesions are not(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary lesion angiographic morphology of the complex type is associated to enhanced susceptibility to ischemia during vasodilator adenosinergic stress testing and attributed to the reduced vasodilatory capacity of the damaged endothelium. Whether coronary lesion morphology can also influence the results of adrenergic pharmacologic stress test(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of myocardial viability recognized as a contractile response to vasodilator stimulation in patients with left ventricular dysfunction in a large scale, prospective, multicentre, observational study. METHODS AND RESULTS Three hundred and seven patients (mean age 60 +/- 10 years) with(More)