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Many cardiovascular cells coexpress multiple connexins (Cx), leading to the potential formation of mixed (heteromeric) gap junction hemichannels whose biophysical properties may differ from homomeric channels containing only one connexin type. We examined the potential interaction of connexin Cx43 and Cx40 in HeLa cells sequentially stably transfected with(More)
Many cells contain two (or more) gap junction proteins that are able to oligomerize with each other to form heteromeric gap junction channels and influence the properties of intercellular communication. Cx26 and Cx43 are found together in a number of cell types, but previous data have suggested that they might not form heteromeric connexons. We studied the(More)
Light-dependent inactivation of mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (mtPDC) in pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves was further characterized, and this phenomenon was extended to several monocot and dicot species. The light-dependent inactivation of mtPDC in vivo was rapidly reversed in the dark, even after prolonged illumination. The mtPDC can be(More)
Mutations of Cx40 (GJA5) have been identified in people with lone chronic atrial fibrillation including G38D and M163V which were found in the same patient. We used dual whole cell patch clamp procedures to examine the transjunctional voltage (Vj) gating and channel conductance properties of these two rare mutants. Each mutant exhibited slight alterations(More)
Several Cx40 mutants have been identified in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We have been working to identify physiological or cell biological abnormalities of several of these human mutants that might explain how they contribute to disease pathogenesis. Wild type (wt) Cx40 or four different mutants (P88S, G38D, V85I, and L229M) were expressed by(More)
Connexin40 (Cx40) contains a specific binding site for spermine (affinity approximately 100 microm) whereas connexin43 (Cx43) is unaffected by identical concentrations of intracellular spermine. Replacement of two unique glutamate residues, E9 and E13, from the cytoplasmic amino terminal domain of Cx40 with the corresponding lysine residues from Cx43(More)
Cx43 is widely expressed in many different cell types, and many of these cells also express other connexins. If these connexins are capable of mixing, the functional properties of channels containing heteromeric connexons may substantially influence intercellular communication between such cells. We used biochemical strategies (sedimentation through sucrose(More)
While ventricular gap junctions contain only Cx43, atrial gap junctions contain both Cx40 and Cx43; yet the functional consequences of this co-expression remain poorly understood. We quantitated the expression of Cx40 and Cx43 and their contributions to atrial gap junctional conductance (g(j)). Neonatal murine atrial myocytes showed similar abundances of(More)
The cytoplasmic N-terminal domain in the connexins (Cx) has been implicated in determining several properties including connexin hetero-oligomerization, channel gating and regulation by polyamines. To elucidate the roles of potentially crucial amino acids, we produced site-directed mutants of connexins Cx40 and Cx43 (Cx40E12S,E13G and Cx43D12S,K13G) in(More)