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Edible dormice (Glis glis) reproduce in years with beech mast seeding, but entire populations may skip reproduction in years when tree seeds, a major food resource of this small hibernator, are absent. We tested the hypothesis that the year-to-year variability in reproductive effort caused by this breeding strategy should lead to detectable differences in(More)
Several recent studies of animals in their natural surroundings found evidence for effects of certain major histocompatibility complex (MHC) immune gene alleles on the parasite load. However, in multi-infected individuals the particular selection pressure exerted by specific parasites has rarely been explored. In this study we took advantage of the(More)
  • J Fietz
  • 1999
Microcebus murinus, a small nocturnal lemur from Madagascar, has retained features of ancient primates. Based on these ancestral traits, its social organization has often been used as a model for early primate social systems. In captivity it breeds polygynously, i.e., one male mates with several females, while females usually copulate only with the dominant(More)
The fat-tailed dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus medius; Cheirogaleidae) lives in the tropical forests of Madagascar. It is exceptional among primates, because this small nocturnal lemur hibernates during the dry season from the end of April until October. This field study was carried out to assess seasonal changes in body mass and behavioral traits (locomotor(More)
Current discussions in evolutionary ecology and conservation genetics focus on the relative importance of using selective neutral markers or markers of coding genes to identify adaptive and evolutionary relevant processes. Genetic diversity might be particularly important in immune genes (e.g., in genes of the major histocompatibility complex, MHC), which(More)
In temperate species, hibernation is enhanced by high levels of essential fatty acids in white adipose tissue. Essential fatty acids cannot be synthesized by mammals, thus nutritional ecology should play a key role in physiological adaptations to hibernation. Tropical hibernators are exposed to different physiological demands than hibernators in temperate(More)
Large-scale comparisons might reveal matching between fruit traits and frugivore assemblages that might be cryptic on a local scale. Therefore, we compared morphological (colour, size, husk thickness) and chemical fruit traits (protein, nitrogen, sugar, lipid, tannin and fibre content) between Malagasy and South African tree communities with different(More)
The edible dormouse (Glis glis) is a small rodent and an obligate hibernator. Dormice undergo strong fluctuations of reproductive output during years that seem to be timed to coincide with future food supply. This behaviour enables them to avoid producing young that will starve with a high probability due to food shortage, and to increase their lifetime(More)
The aim of this study was to examine to what extent reproductive activity in male edible dormice (Glis glis) might be energetically constrained. Demographic data, morphometric data, and oral body temperature (T(or)) measurements were collected in two study areas between 1993 and 2002 in southwest Germany and combined with subcutaneous body temperature(More)
In edible dormice (Glis glis) reproduction is synchronised with the intermittent masting of the European beech (Fagus sylvatica). In years of mast failure dormouse males seem to anticipate future low food availability and fail to develop functional testes. We hypothesised that the availability of high-quality food is linked to male reproductive capacity,(More)