Joanna Empel

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BACKGROUND Intensive care units (ICUs) are high-risk areas for transmission of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, but no controlled study has tested the effect of rapid screening and isolation of carriers on transmission in settings with best-standard precautions. We assessed interventions to reduce colonisation and transmission of antimicrobial-resistant(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have addressed the epidemiology of community-associated Staphylococcus aureus (CA-SA) in Europe; nonetheless, a comprehensive perspective remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to describe the population structure of CA-SA and to shed light on the origin of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in this continent. METHODS AND(More)
The first national survey of resistance to newer beta-lactams in nosocomial populations of Enterobacteriaceae in Poland was performed. The study covered all nonrepetitive enterobacterial isolates cultured from specimens from inpatients in 13 regional secondary-care hospitals from November 2003 to January 2004. Among 2,388 isolates, the predominant species(More)
Multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA), a new PCR-based method of typing Staphylococcus aureus, was compared to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), spa typing, and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) on a group of 59 S. aureus (mostly methicillin-resistant) clinical isolates. The aim of the study was to establish possible criteria(More)
Forty-one Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates with extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) from a hospital in Warsaw, Poland, were analyzed. Thirty-seven isolates from several wards were collected over 9 months in 2003 and 2004. The isolates were recovered from patients with multiple types of infections, mostly respiratory tract and postoperative wound(More)
The clonal structure of the methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) population in Poland has been analyzed in several reports since the mid-1990s. The present study was performed on 253 MRSA isolates (146 archival and 107 new isolates) recovered in 26 hospitals between 1990 and 2001. Whereas all isolates were typed by pulsed-field gel(More)
A 2-month survey of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producers was performed in a Czech hospital. Klebsiella pneumoniae produced SHV-2, -5, or -12, Escherichia coli produced CTX-M-9 or -15, and other species produced TEM-92 or -132. All K. pneumoniae and E. coli isolates belonged to sequence types (STs) or clonal complexes (CCs) spread across the(More)
Resistance to carbapenems in enterobacteria is mediated by the production of several types of carbapenemases or by the decreased permeability of the outer membrane, combined with the expression of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) or AmpC-like cephalosporinases. The objective of this study was to characterize carbapenem-nonsusceptible (C-NS)(More)
Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the main causes of hospital-acquired infections, but since late 1990s also the community-acquired. For better understanding of the S.aureus epidemiology there is an urgent need for creation of new typing method for SCCmec element. The molecular typing of MRSA for epidemiological purposes is(More)
In this study, clonal relatedness of 202 Staphylococcus aureus (mostly methicillin-resistant) isolates recovered in 29 Polish hospitals was investigated by multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat fingerprinting (MLVF) and spa typing. Our analysis yielded 69 MLVF patterns and 34 spa types. Almost all isolates (97.4%) identical by MLVF were also(More)