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Forty-eight dogs were separated into four groups of six males and six females. Acrolein (0.1% aqueous) was administered in gelatin capsules to three of these groups at dosing levels of 0.1, 0.5 and 1.5 mg kg-1 day-1 based on results of a range-finding study. After 4 weeks, the high dose was increased to 2 mg kg-1 day-1. The fourth group received deionized(More)
Acute exercise prior to vaccination can improve the antibody response to influenza vaccination. However, both the optimal exercise protocol and the mechanisms underpinning this adjuvant effect remain unclear. The aim of the current study was to determine whether exercise intensity influenced the efficacy of the intervention. One hundred and sixty healthy(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY The study aim was to examine the effects of balloon mitral valvotomy (BMV) on exercise-induced hyperkalemia, and on changes in the concentration of Na,K-pumps in skeletal muscle, as an exaggerated exercise-induced rise in potassium concentration ([K+]) may contribute to exertional fatigue and breathlessness. METHODS Eight(More)
Five-hundred and sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into one control and three treatment groups (70 of each sex per group). Animals were treated by daily gavage with 0.0, 0.05, 0.5 and 2.5 mg kg-1 acrolein in water (10 ml kg-1). These dosing levels were selected as a result of a 6-week range-finding study. Ten rats of each sex per group were(More)
Comparative intestinal nitroreductase, azo reductase, beta-glucuronidase, dechlorinase and dehydrochlorinase activities in young male Fischer 344 rats and young male CD-1 mice were measured in vitro while the comparative biotransformation of 2,6-dinitrotoluene to mutagenic metabolites was determined in vivo. The mice, which exhibit a high spontaneous(More)
These studies were conducted to evaluate the potential toxicity of ammonium perfluorooctanoate, a commercial surfactant. They include acute and subchronic feeding studies with rabbits, mice, rats and monkeys as well as in vitro mutagenicity assays with Salmonella typhimurium and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The compound was non-irritating to the skin and(More)
High intensity acute exercise at the time of vaccination has been shown to enhance the subsequent antibody response. This study examines whether an acute moderate intensity aerobic intervention prior to vaccination can enhance antibody response to pneumonia and half dose influenza vaccination. Sixty young (age (SD)=22.0 (6.1) years) and 60 older (age(More)
An acute bout of exercise prior to vaccination can improve the antibody and cell-mediated responses to influenza vaccination. The mechanisms underpinning this adjuvant effect remain unclear, and further investigation to determine the optimal exercise protocol is warranted. The aim of the current study was to determine whether exercise augmented the immune(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma is highly refractory to most chemotherapeutic agents. Clofazimine, a riminophenazine compound used to treat leprosy since 1962, inhibits various cancer cell lines, including hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, via phospholipase A2 dependant processes. Clofazimine also inhibits p170-glycoprotein, the mdr1 gene product. (More)
This study evaluated the effects of balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV) on exercise capacity and skeletal muscle structure and function in 10 subjects with mitral stenosis (mean age +/- SD 33 +/- 5.5). Measurements were obtained before, and 2 weeks and 4 months after BMV to provide baseline data, to examine the effects of improved hemodynamics, and to(More)