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The chicken lysozyme locus is activated in a stepwise fashion during myeloid differentiation. We have used this locus as a model to study at high resolution changes in chromatin structure both in chicken cell lines representing various stages of macrophage differentiation and in primary cells from transgenic mice. In this study we have addressed the(More)
AIMS To assess cardiac gene expression in peripheral blood cells of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and its relationship to echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) function. METHODS AND RESULTS A complete echocardiographic study and blood sampling were performed in 65 consecutive stable IDCM patients with LV ejection fraction (LVEF)(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs), as essential gene expression regulators, modulate cardiovascular development and disease and thus they are emerging as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in cardiovascular disease, including hypertension. We assessed the expression levels of the microRNAs miR-9 and miR-126 in 60 patients with untreated essential hypertension and(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotypic plasticity has a critical role in the pathophysiology of arterial remodeling in essential hypertension. MicroRNAs are emerging as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in cardiovascular disease. We assessed the expression levels of the microRNAs miR-143, miR-145, miR-21, miR-133 and miR-1, which are(More)
Angiopoietins (Angs) are important angiogenic and endothelial cell growth factors with many functions, including influence on the vascular wall. Pulse-wave velocity (pwv) is an independent marker of cardiovascular adverse outcome in hypertensives, although all the pathophysiological mechanisms that affect it have not yet been determined. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Early cardiac marker genes, such as cardiac-specific homeobox (Csx/Nkx2.5), myocardin, homeodomain only protein, GATA4, and myocyte enhancer factor 2C, are thought to participate in cardiomyocyte differentiation and to contribute to heart hypertrophy in animal models. In this study, we investigated whether the expression of early cardiac genes is(More)
MicroRNAs regulate several aspects of physiological and pathologic cardiac hypertrophy, and they represent promising therapeutic targets in cardiovascular disease. We assessed the expression levels of the microRNAs miR-1, miR-133a, miR-26b, miR-208b, miR-499, and miR-21, in 102 patients with essential hypertension and 30 healthy individuals. All patients(More)
Terminal transferase-dependent PCR (TDPCR) is a versatile, sensitive method for detecting DNA lesions such as those generated by the footprinting agents commonly used to detect in vivo protein-DNA interactions. Data similar to those obtained by ligation-mediated PCR (LMPCR) are obtained, but one advantage of TDPCR is that no special enzymes are needed other(More)
Myocardin is thought to contribute to heart hypertrophy as assessed in animal models. The aim of this study was to identify polymorphisms on the myocardin gene and investigate possible relationships with left ventricular structure in human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Eighty-four native Cretan individuals (36 patients with HCM and 48 healthy controls)(More)
The activation of innate immune receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), participates in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The authors evaluated TLR2 and TLR4 gene expression in the peripheral monocytes of nondiabetic hypertensive patients compared with normotensive individuals and investigated the effect of intensive systolic blood(More)