Joanna Durrant

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Steroid 5 alpha-reductase in skin fibroblasts varies in two ways: 1) mean activity in uncloned fibroblasts corresponds to the activity in skin from which fibroblasts are derived (high in genital skin and low in nongenital skin); 2) activity in normal genital skin fibroblasts varies over a wide range (more than 200-fold). Studies of activity in fibroblast(More)
The mechanisms underpinning the ecological impacts of the presence of artificial night lighting remain elusive. One suspected underlying cause is that the presence of light at night (LAN) supresses nocturnal production of melatonin, a key driver of biological rhythm and a potent antioxidant with a proposed role in immune function. Here, we briefly review(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I, Hurler and Scheie syndromes) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder that results from a deficiency of the hydrolase alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) which is involved in the lysosomal degradation of both heparan sulphate (HS) and dermatan sulphate (DS). Patients with MPS I store and excrete large amounts of(More)
NADPH-cytochrome c (P-450) reductase (EC 1.6.2.4) was purified to apparent homogeneity from microsomes of house flies, Musca domestica L. The purification procedure involves column chromatography on three different resins. The key step in the purification scheme is the chromatography of the enzyme mixture on an affinity column of agarose-hexane-nicotinamide(More)
Ecdysone 3-epimerase was partially purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation from the 100,000 g supernate of Manduca sexta midguts. The enzyme converts ecdysone and 20-hydroxyecdysone to their respective 3-epimers, requires NADH or NADPH and O2 for this reaction, and has the following kinetic parameters: for ecdysone, Km = 17.0 +/- 1.4 microM, Vmax = 110.6(More)
Exposure to constant light has a range of negative effects on behaviour and physiology, including reduced immune function in both vertebrates and invertebrates. It is proposed that the associated suppression of melatonin (a ubiquitous hormone and powerful antioxidant) in response to the presence of light at night could be an underlying mechanistic link(More)
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