Joanna Durrant

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The mechanisms underpinning the ecological impacts of the presence of artificial night lighting remain elusive. One suspected underlying cause is that the presence of light at night (LAN) supresses nocturnal production of melatonin, a key driver of biological rhythm and a potent antioxidant with a proposed role in immune function. Here, we briefly review(More)
Exposure to constant light has a range of negative effects on behaviour and physiology, including reduced immune function in both vertebrates and invertebrates. It is proposed that the associated suppression of melatonin (a ubiquitous hormone and powerful antioxidant) in response to the presence of light at night could be an underlying mechanistic link(More)
Ecdysone 3-epimerase was partially purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation from the 100,000 g supernate of Manduca sexta midguts. The enzyme converts ecdysone and 20-hydroxyecdysone to their respective 3-epimers, requires NADH or NADPH and O2 for this reaction, and has the following kinetic parameters: for ecdysone, Km = 17.0 +/- 1.4 microM, Vmax = 110.6(More)
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