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PURPOSE To determine the relationship between the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) for cell inactivation and linear energy transfer (LET) in the Bragg peak region of (12)C and (20)Ne ions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells were exposed to high LET (12)C (33.2 MeV, 20.3 MeV, 9.1 MeV at cell entrance) and (20)Ne ions (56.2(More)
Chinese hamster ovary CHO-K1 cells were exposed to high LET (12)C-beam (LET: 830 keV/microm) in the dose range of 0-6 Gy and to (60)Co irradiation and the RBE value was obtained. Effects of (12)C-beam exposure on cell survival and chromosomal aberrations were calculated. The chromosomal aberration data were fitted with linear equation. The distribution of(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is a well known antifungal and antiprotozoal antibiotic used in the clinic for several decades. Clinical applications of AmB, however, are limited by its nephrotoxicity and many other acute side effects which are not acceptable by patients when their life is not threaten. In order to improve the therapeutic index of this drug, lipid(More)
In this study, the interaction of cisplatin (1) and two potential antitumoral Pt(II) complexes (2 and 3) with a model DMPC bilayer was investigated by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and MD simulations in order to understand its implication for the different antitumoral properties shown by the three complexes. In particular, (31)P, (13)C and (2)H solid state(More)
Exposure of humans to mixed fields of high- and low-linear energy transfer (LET) radiation occurs in many situations-for example, in urban areas with high levels of indoor radon as well as background gamma radiation, during airplane flights or certain forms of radiation therapy. From the perspective of health risk associated with exposure to mixed fields,(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyse the cytogenetic effect of exposing human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) to a mixed beam of alpha particles and X-rays. Whole blood collected from one donor was exposed to different doses of alpha particles ((241)Am), X-rays and a combination of both. All exposures were carried out at 37 °C. Three independent(More)
Cells exposed to thermal neutrons are simultaneously damaged by radiations with high and low linear energy transfer (LET). A question relevant for the assessment of risk of exposure to a mixed beam is whether the biological effect of both radiation types is additive or synergistic. The aim of the present investigation was to calculate whether the high and(More)
There are conflicting data regarding the effect of culturing time of human peripheral blood lymphocytes on the yield of chromosomal aberrations induced by sparsely ionising radiation in the G0 phase of the cell cycle. While some authors find that the yield of aberrations does not change with time, others find increased frequencies of aberrations with(More)
PURPOSE Low temperature (hypothermia) during irradiation leads to a reduced frequency of micronuclei in TK6 cells and it has been suggested that perturbation of cell cycle progression is responsible for this effect. The aim of the study was to test this hypothesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human lymphoblastoid TK6 cells were treated by a combination of(More)
Modern radiotherapy treatment modalities are associated with undesired out-of-field exposure to complex mixed beams of high and low energy transfer (LET) radiation that can give rise to secondary cancers. The biological effectiveness of mixed beams is not known. The aim of the investigation was the analysis of chromosomal damage in human peripheral blood(More)